Friday, 12 June 2020

LESSON: THE PEASANT'S BREAD

0 comments

LESSON: THE PEASANT'S BREAD



1. Who wrote the story 'The Peasant's Bread’?
Ans. Leo Tolstoy.




2. Where did the peasant go early in the morning?
Ans. He went to plough his field.

3. Where did the peasant hide his breakfast?
Ans. He hid it under a bush.

4. Who had stolen the peasant's bread?
Ans. It was an imp who had stolen the peasant's bread.

5. Why had the imp stolen the peasant's bread?
Ans. He wanted to make the peasant swear and call on the name of the Dev

6. Did the peasant get angry when he found his bread stolen?
Ans. No, he only said, “Whoever took the bread needed it."

7. Why was the imp upset to find the peasant calm?
Ans. Because he had not been able to make the peasant do any wrong.


Q.8. What was the threat given to the imp by the Devil?
Ans. That he would be thrown into holy water if he didn't get the better of the peasant.

Q. 9. What was the did the imp advise the peasant in the first year?
Ans. He advised him to sow corn in a low-lying damp place.

Q. 10. What did the imp advise the peasant in the second year?
Ans. He advised him to sow corn on the hill.

Q. 11. What did the imp suggest the peasant to do with the spare grain?
Ans. He asked him to make vodka from it.

Q. 12. What happened when the guests took the first glass of vodka?
Ans. They started telling nice lies about each other.

13. What happened when the guests took the third glass of vodka?
Ans. They started behaving like pigs.

Q. 14. What did the Devil give the imp as his reward?
Ans. He gave him a position of high honour.

A1- The peasant ploughed the field before breakfast.

A2- The imp had stolen the bread because he wanted to make the peasant swear (kubol).

A3- The peasant accepted the loss of his breakfast. He even blessed the thief and prayed to God for his welfare.

A4- The imp was upset because he had not made the peasant to do wrong.

A5-The devil threatened the imp by saying that if failed in his task again he would throw the imp into the holy water.

A6- The first year he advised the peasant to sow corn in a low dying damp place.

A7- The poor peasant’s crop grew thick, tall and heavy with grin as a result of imp’s advice.

A8- The second year the imp advised the peasant to sow on the hill.

A9- Due to heavy rain the crops of many farmers were washed away .But the poor peasant, once again had a good crop. He became rich.

A10- The imp taught the peasant to crush the grain and make vodka from the excess grain he had.

A11- After drinking the first glass of vodka, they behaved like foxes. They flattered each other and speeches full of lies.
A12- As they drank the second glass they became wilder and rougher. They began to shout at one another.

A13-After drinking the third glass the guests started behaving like animals.

A14- The imp had exactly made the peasant corrupt. He knew that all men have a savage side inside them.

A15-The master rewarded the imp by giving him a position of high honour.

Message Conveyed - This story is written by Leo Tolstoy. This story conveys the message of the evil of excessive wealth. A poor peasant was very simple and honest. But when the devil made him rich he looked for me of pleasure, he takes to evil practices. At a party he and his friends make a lot of noise and behave cunningly. He combines the worst of three animals. He has the cunningness of a fox, the fierceness of a wolf and the stupidity of a pig.

LONG Q/A

A5- No, wealth is not bad in itself. We cannot live without money. It fulfils our daily needs. Therefore wealth is the mainstay of life. However, too much wealth is a curse of life. It destroys people if they do not use it wisely. It is the root cause of many evils. The excess of wealth can also make a person proud and cruel. Therefore one should have just enough to fulfill one’s needs to live a decent life.

Questions 1 – 10

Compete the sentences below.

Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS OR NUMBER for each
Answer.

 A poor peasant went off early one morning to 1 ____________.
 He took 2 ___________ of bread with him for breakfast.
 He put his 3 _____________ round the bread.
 When the horse got tired, the peasant et him 4 _______________ to feed.
 He 5 _____________ the coat over and shook it.
 The peasant could not 6 _______________ at a.
 The imp was sitting behind the 7___________. He was waiting to hear the peasant 8_________.
 The peasant was sorry to lose his 9 __________.
 The peasant thought that whoever took his piece of bread woud have 10 _____________ it.


READING (PASSAGE)

The imp was upset, because he had not made the peasant do wrong, and he went to the devil, his master, to report what had happened. He came to the devil and told him how he had taken the peasant's bread, and how the peasant, instead of swearing, had said, 'May it do him good!' The devil was angry and replied, 'If the man got the better of you, it was your own fault - you don't understand your business! If the peasants and their wives do that kind of thing, we shall be lost. The matter can't be left like that! Go back at once and make things right. If, in three years, you don't get the better of that peasant, I'll have you thrown into holy water!' The imp was frightened. He hurried back to earth, thinking how he could make up for his mistake. He thought and thought, and at last he thought of a good plan. He changed himself into a working man and went to work with the poor peasant. The first year he advised the peasant to sow corn in a low-lying damp place. The peasant took his advice and sowed there. The year happened to be a very dry one, and the crops of the other peasants were all burnt up by the sun, but the poor peasant's corn grew thick and tall and heavy with grain. Not only had he enough grain to last him for the whole year, but he had also much to spare.

Questions 1 – 5

Do the following statements agree with the writer in the Reading Passage?

Write TRUE, if the statement is true.
Write FALSE, if the statement is false.
Write NOT GIVEN, if the statement is not given.

1 The devil got angry at the peasant for not swearing.
2 The imp was scared of the holy water.
3 The imp got three years time to get control over the peasant.
4 The crop of the peasants was burnt up by the sun.
5 The peasant stored the grain for the whole year.

Questions 6 – 10

Choose the correct letter, A, B or C.

The devil asked the imp to go back to 6 ___________ to make things right.
A peasant’s house                        B earth                      C field

The imp changed himself into a 7 ____________.
A farmhand                                     B andord                  C grain


The peasant sowed 8 _______________.
A corn                                               B maize                     C wheat

The imp thought of a good pan to 9 _____________ for his mistake.
A make do                                       B make over            C make up

The crop grew thick and ta because it was sown in a low lying 10___________ pace.
A dry                                      B moist                     C sunny