Monday, 25 May 2020

UNSEEN COMPREHENSION

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UNSEEN COMPREHENSION PASSAGE

1. Read the following paragraph and answer the questions given below:

Rhinos are enormous mammals that live mainly on the African Plains. A few can be found in South Asia. Rhinos are generally black or grey with large armour-like flaps of skin on their bodies. They sometimes measure 13 feet in length can weigh as much as 6 tons. All rhinos have horns; some types have only one and others have two. Rhinos like to eat at night, grazing on leaves, grass and twigs. During the day, they prefer to rest or wallow in muddy pools. Shy and unpredictable, the rhino has very poor eyesight, but a good sense of smell and hearing. If disturbed, a rhino can be awesome enemy. Rhinos can come charging through the brush at 30 miles an hour!

1.       Where do Rhinos live?

(a)     American rivers

(b)     Indian mountains

(c)      African Plains

(d)     Sahara Deserts

2.       What do Rhinos like to eat?

(a)     insects

(b)     frogs and fish

(c)      eggs of birds

(d)     leaves and grass

3.       How many horns do Rhinos have?

4.       What do they like to do in the day time?

5.       Fill in the blank with a suitable word from the passage:

Rhinos have a good sense of ………………………

6.       Match the words under column ‘A’ with their meanings under column ‘B’
A                          B
grazing                 attacking

charging               reading

eating


2. Read the following paragraph and answer the questions given below :

India has one of the richest and most exciting cultural traditions in the world. Our culture goes back several thousand years. That is why ours is known as one of the oldest civilizations in the

world. The culture of country is made up of its customs, religions, music and dance. The food habits of its people, the festivals they celebrate, the art and the handicrafts made by them also help give the culture of a country its uniqueness. India is a very large country. Different culture traditions are observed in different parts of the country. In different states people speak different languages. Even within the same state there are lots of forms of the same language. They wear different clothes and eat different kind of foods. Yet we all are Indians. We share a common culture of which we are very proud.

1.       How old is Indian culture?

(a)     one hundred years

(b)     several hundred years

(c)      one thousand years

(d)     several thousand years

2.       The culture of India is :

(a)     common

(b)     unique

(c)      rare

(d)     none of the above

3.       What is the culture of a country made up of?

4.       What makes the culture of a country unique?

5.       Fill in the blank with a suitable word from the passage:

In different states people speak       languages.

6.       Match the words under column ‘A’ with their meanings under column ‘B’

A                          B
exciting                 types

forms                             reading

inspiring


3. Read the following paragraph and answer the questions given below :

Modern man’s life has become very busy. Today, man has no time for himself. He is caught in the battle of existence. It is indeed a sad life, where a man has no time to nurture himself by doing things he enjoys doing. There are some who have no choice in the matter. Life is series of battles for them and there is no time to think of relaxation and leisure. But there are others who are compulsive workers. They just work to fill up their time as they have never paused in life to look around themselves and see how much more life has to offer to them. As a matter of fact, such

people are prone to health problems, because they always remain tense. If they take out some time for themselves from their daily routine and spend it to rejuvenate themselves, they will realise the value of leisure.

1.       Compulsive workers are those

(a)     who have no work to do

(b)     who just work to fill up their time

(c)      who are much relaxed workers

(d)     who never take tension


2.       Modern man has no time for himself because

(a)     he is now a relaxed person

(b)     he is very lazy

(c)      he is caught in the battle of existence

(d)     he never takes things seriously


3.       Why is the modern man’s life a sad life?

4.       How can modern man realise the value of leisure?

5.       Fill in the blank with a suitable word from the passage:

A man has no time to   himself.

6.       Match the words under column ‘A’ with their meaning under column ‘B’

A                          B
tense                     develop

nurture                 relax

worried

4. Read the following paragraph and answer the questions given below :

The recognition of the right of women to complete equality opened up new pathways of service and encouraged women to play an increasingly effective role in public affairs. Those who have watched India’s social and political trends in the decades prior to her independence, regard the rapid advance of women and their easy adaptation to new ways of life as a staggering achievement. Much of the credit for this is due to liberal attitude adopted towards women by the social and political thinkers of the day. They, one and all, believed that India’s progress was closely linked with women’s advancement, and that if India wished to recapture her past greatness, she should permit her women to share fully in the glorious task.

1.       Which right of women opened up new pathways of service?

(a)     right to vote

(b)     right to equality

(c)      right to work

(d)     right to speak

2.       India’s progress was closely linked with

(a)     Women’s advancement

(b)     Men’s advancement

(c)      Children’s advancement

(d)     Youngsters’ advancement

3.       Who regards the rapid advance of women?

4.       What did the social and political thinkers believe?

5.       Fill in the blank with a suitable word from the passage:

India should permit her         to share fully in the glorious task.

6.       Match the words under column ‘A’ with their meaning under column ‘B’

A                          B
prior                    free
liberal                   relax
before



5.       Read the following paragraph and answer the questions given below :

True happiness always springs from within. It is subjective quality, independent of one’s material circumstances. A contented mind is an essential condition of happiness. It does not mean that a man should always have no aspiration in life; but wild cravings of the heart should always be subdued. Contentment stands for an uncomplaining acceptance of whatever happens in life. One should, of course, do one’s best to improve one’s circumstances and position but one should be prepared for defeat or failure. Contentment should be supplemented with a readiness for self sacrifice. A good act, a noble deed, a gesture of goodwill towards other, goes a long way in bringing happiness. Selfishness and ill-will towards others are hostile to happiness. The maximum amount of true happiness will always result from a pursuit that is not tainted by selfishness.

1.       According to this passage, what is independent of one’s material circumstances ?

(a)     True prosperity

(b)     True happiness

(c)      True success

(d)     True education

2.       To be contented, one should be

(a)     Sure about success

(b)     Free all time

(c)      Prepared for defeat

(d)     Quarrelling with others

3.       What is an essential condition of happiness?

4.       What is the meaning of contentment?

5.       Fill in the blank with a suitable word from the passage:

Contentment should be supplemented with a    for self service.

6.       Match the words under column ‘A’ with their meanings under column ‘B’

A                                    B
Circumstances               subjective

Essential                        necessary

situations

6.       Read the following paragraph and answer the questions given below:

A hunter who chases two hares at one and the same time may fail to catch them. Two hares may run in two different directions and escape. So a person may follow two different aims in life. It is generally seen that he fails to realise any of them. If a man’s attention is divided between two things, he cannot apply full mind and energy to any of them. The result is that he cannot be a success in either of them. A lawyer can command a large practice at the bar, if he is really absorbed in his own profession. But if he attempts to set up a business along with his own profession, he can never do justice either to his own profession or to his business. Either he will be an indifferent lawyer or he will be a bad businessman. Hence, pursuit of two aims divides attention and causes waste of energy.

1.       Pursuit of two aims divides

(a)     friendship

(b)     property

(c)      honesty

(d)     attention

2.       The passage advises us to

(a)     follow two aims at one time

(b)     divide mind and energy

(c)      concentrate at one aim with full energy

(d)     do two business at one time

3.       When does a person fail to realise his aim?

4.       Why can’t a lawyer set up business successfully?

5.       Fill in the blank with a suitable word from the passage:

A lawyer can command a large      at the bar.

6.       Match the words under column ‘A’ with their meaning under column ‘B’
A                          B
indifferent            reason

cause                    neutral

realise

7.       Read the following passage and answer the questions given below:

Pollution and other environmental problems are often considered to be the direct result of a country’s development. Industrialization, growing number of factories, people’s capability of purchasing more vehicles and electronic devices etc. are often related to the economic condition and growth of a nation. These factors are responsible for raising the level of pollution. Firstly, it is a matter of fact that pollution and environmental problems are more prominent in poor countries than in rich countries. Air, sound and water pollution in countries like India and Bangladesh is far dangerous than in developed countries like Australia, Canada and the UK. Furthermore, the number of factories does not represent the amount of pollution it causes. Secondly, economic development does not mean that a country will have industries and factories all over the country. Proper planning and inspection from the government can ensure the minimal emission of gas and other toxic elements into the water and the air. Finally, pollution is a global issue and proper laws and their enforcement laws can reduce it to a great extent. We cannot stop the natural causes of pollution but greater percentage of environmental pollution is caused by the human actions.
Planting trees is the best solution for air pollution, as it reduces the carbon ratio in the air and releases oxygen. Furthermore, reduced usage of fossil fuels also helps to mitigate the air pollution. The government should educate and encourage people to use alternative sources of energy and help people to recycle and reuse the products.

Q.1    What, according to the passage, is considered to be the direct cause of Pollution?
(a)     Country’s land
(b)     Country’s economy
(c)      Country’s development
(d)     Country’s government

Q.2    Greater percentage of the environmental pollution is caused by:
(a)     Nature
(b)     Human actions

(c)      Government
(d)     Plants

Q.3    What kind of issue is ‘pollution’?

Q.4    What is the best solution for air pollution?

Q.5    Fill in the blank with a suitable word from the passage. Diesel and petrol are           fuels.

Q.6    Match the words under column ‘A’ with their meaning under ‘B’.

A                          B
prominent            decrease
reduce                  noticeable
increase

8.       Read the following passage and answer the questions given below:

Brain drain, also referred to as human capital flight, is the action of having highly skilled and educated people leaving their country to work abroad. It has actually become one of the serious concerns for the developing nations. While many people believe that immigration is a personal choice that must be understood and respected, others look at this phenomenon from a different perspective. What makes those people leave their country, their own people, should be seriously considered and a distinction between pull and push factors must be made. The push factors include low wages and lack of satisfactory working and living conditions. Social unrest, political conflicts and wars may also be the determining causes. The pull factors, however, include intellectual freedom and substantial funds for research. Brain drain has negative impact on the economic prospects and competitiveness of sender countries. It reduces the number of dynamic and creative people who can contribute to the development of their country. Likewise, with more entrepreneurs taking their investment abroad, developing countries are missing opportunity of wealth creation.

Q.1    The term ‘brain drain’ is also referred to as:
(a)     capital flight
(b)     human capital flight
(c)      pull factors
(d)     push factors

Q.2    Brain drain has terrible consequences on the economic development of :
(a)     sending countries
(b)     receiving countries
(c)      developed countries
(d)     undeveloped countries

Q.3    What do you mean by the term ‘Brain drain’?

Q.4    Enumerate the push factors that lead to Brain drain.

Q.5    Fill in the blank with a suitable word from the passage.
Every citizen must        for the development of the nation wholeheartedly.

Q.6    Match the words under column ‘A’ with their meaning under ‘B’.

A                          B
conflict                 decrease
reduce                  dispute
increase

10. Read the following passage and answer the questions given below:

Trees give shade for benefit of others, while they themselves stand in the sun and endure the scorching heat. They produce the fruit by which others profit. The character of a good man is like

that of trees. What is the use of this perishable body if it is not used for the benefit of mankind? Sandalwood, the more it is rubbed, the more scent does it yield. Sugarcane, the more it is peeled and cut into pieces, the more juice does it produce. Gold, the more it is burnt, the more brightly does it shine. The men who are noble at heart do not lose their qualities even by losing their lives. What does it matter whether men praise them or not? What difference does it make whether riches abide with them or not? What does it signify whether they die at this moment or whether their lives are prolonged? Happen what may, those who tread in the right path will not set foot in any other. Life itself is unprofitable to a man who does not live for others. To live for the mere sake of living one’s life is to live the life of dogs or crows.

Q.1    Which quality of a good man is compared to that of a tree?
(a)     Light
(b)     character
(c)      success
(d)     Hunger

Q.2    The life of a man is unprofitable if he
(a)     does not earn money
(b)     does not get education
(c)      does not live for others
(d)     does not love anybody

Q.3    What do the trees teach us?

Q.4    What are the qualities of a good man?

Q.5    Fill in the blank with a suitable word from the passage.
Everything in this world is …………..

Q.6    Match the words under column ‘A’ with their meaning under ‘B’.

A                          B
Endure                 walk
tread                    endless
bear