Saturday, 30 May 2020

LESSON: LIBERTY AND DISCIPLINE

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LESSON: LIBERTY AND DISCIPLINE



Q. 1. Who wrote the chapter 'Liberty and Disciplines?
Ans. William Slim.




Q. 2. What is discipline?
Ans. It is the training of mind and character.
Q. 3. What is considered as a restraint on liberty?
Ans. Discipline.
Q. 4. What would happen if everybody did what he wanted?
Ans. There would be complete disorder in the world.
Q. 5. What happens when the sense of order or discipline fades?
Ans. Its economic life declines.
Q. 6. What would you call the discipline imposed forcibly’?
Ans. It is nothing but dictatorship.
Q. 7. Who saluted the narrator when he was walking on to a parade?
Ans. A private soldier.
Q. 8. For what did the Colonel rebuke the writer?
Ans. For not returning a salute properly.
Q. 9. For what purpose is totalitarian discipline designed?
Ans. To submerge the individual.
Q. 10. How can a nation overcome an economic or military crisis?
Ans. With the help of discipline only.
Q. 11. How can an officer build up the leadership of his team?
Ans. He can build up the leadership of his team on the discipline of understanding only.
Q. 12. What should an officer do to inculcate a sense of discipline in his subordinates?
Ans. He must display high standards of discipline in his own life.

Short Q/AA1-
The author defines liberty as freedom to think what we like, say what we like, work at what we like and go where we like.
A2- Discipline is restraint (control) on liberty. It trains people to obey rules and orders. it is necessary in every field of liberty.
A3- We should keep to the left for our own safety, for the safety of others, to avoid punishment by law.
A4- Enforced discipline comes from outside but pure discipline comes from ourselves.
A5- British believe in the liberty to think, to say, to work and to go where they like.
A6- Because discipline is considered a restraint on liberty.
A7- because he lives in a complex society in which everybody is dependent on
others.
A8- The author acknowledged his salute with an airy wave of the hand.
A9- The Colonel had made the author march in front of the whole battalion. He
ordered him to practice saluting it till he knew how to return a salute.
A10- He told him that discipline begins with the officers.
A11- The leader can built up the leadership of his team by accepting a higher kind of discipline and self-discipline.
A12- According to the author, to take men into your confidence is not new a technique in the last war.
A13- Because it is only discipline that enables men to live in a community and yet retain individual liberty.
A14- Totalitarian discipline is deliberately designed to submerge the individual.
A15- The author commended their role by saying that they knew the importance of their work.
A16- A nation can overcome an economic or military crises with the help of discipline.
A17- According to the author democracy me
Ans that responsibility is decentralized and no one can shirk his share of the strain.

LONG Q/A
A2- According to the author, history teaches that when discipline in a nation grows weak through idleness, weakness or groupism. It destroyed the economic life. Its standard of living falls and security disappears. Either of these two things happen. In that case either some strong militant power steps in or dictator arises. They impose their own brand of discipline to control the situation.
A2 Liberty and discipline exist together. Some people think that discipline is a restraint(control) on liberty. It trains people to obey rules and orders. Liberty is the birthright of each and every person .But even then, it is not a personal affair. It is a compromise. If every man is free to do what he liked, there would be chaos( lawlessness) everywhere. So discipline is necessary in every field of society. We can have discipline without liberty, but we cannot have liberty without discipline.
A3- Indiscipline leads to confusion. It creates corruption, lawlessness and disorder. In short indiscipline eats into the roots of our moral, social and national life.
A4- An officer must first realize his own responsibility. Only then his instructions have an effect on his subordinates.
A5- Discipline is, in fact, the foundation of all freedom. It makes man truly free. It enables man to live in the society and yet retain individual liberty. It brings order in the society.
Page 33 vocabulary Ex-1

Ans- 1. Select 6. smile widely
2. a holy lecture 7. method
3. bent of mind 8. insulting
4. inevitable 9. Courage to start
5. know to be correct 10. A difficult situation
Ex-2 Form Adjectives
1. ornamental 6. Tasty
2. delightful 7. Curious
3. businesslike 8. Memorable
4. useful 9. Witty
5. crafty 10. defective
Page 34 Grammar Ex-1 Determiner
1. an
2. Many 4.their
3. Every 5. its
Ex-2 Narration
1. The teacher will say that Gita is performing on the stage.
2. She said that if she had been rich, she would have helped him.
3. She rebuked Tom by saying that she was so ashamed of him.
4. The lawyer asked Bob if he still denied the charges.
5. The principal said that virtue is its own reward.
Ex-3 Use as noun and verb-
Face-noun- I like her face.
Verb- I faced many difficult situations.
Lock-noun- I bought a new lock.
Verb- Lock the room.
Delight-noun- Her singing is a delight.
Verb- her presence delighted me.
Water-noun- Please give me a glass of water.
Verb- I watered the plants.
Consent –noun- I gave my consent for the new proposal.
Verb- I consented to his proposal.
Compete the sentences below.

Write NO MORE THAN ONE WORD for each
Answer.

 When you 1 ___________ where you want to go it is 2 __________.
 When you keep to the left while on the road, it is 3 ____________.
 Reasons to keep to the left own advantage, 4 _______ for others, confidence in others and fear of 5 _______.
 We have a 6 _______ inclination to avoid discipline. But, discipline is 7 _______.
 Discipline enables 8 _______to live in a 9 _______ and yet retain 10 _________ liberty.


READING (PASSAGE)

One morning, long ago, as a brand new second-lieutenant, I was walking on to a parade. A private soldier passed me and saluted. I acknowledged his salute with an airy wave of the hand. Suddenly behind me, a voice rasped out my name. I spun around and there was my Colonel, for whom I had a most wholesome respect, and with him Regimental Sergeant Major, of whom also I stood in the same awe. “I see”, said the Colonel, “you don’t know how to return a salute. Sergeant Major, plant your staff in the ground and let Mr. Slim practise saluting it until he does know how to return a salute!” So to and fro I marched in sight of the whole battalion, saluting the Sergeant Major’s cane (I could cheerfully have murdered the Colonel, the Sergeant Major and my grinning fellows–subalterns). At the end of ten minutes, the Colonel called me up to him. All he said was: “Now remember, discipline begins with the officers!”

Questions 1 – 10

Do the following statements agree with the writer in the Reading Passage?

Write Yes, if the statement is correct.
Write No, if the statement is incorrect.
Write Not Given, if the statement is not given.

1 The narrator was a Brigadier.
2 The narrator’s name was Mr. Sim.
3 The entire brigade applauded for Mr Sim’s behavior.
4 The narrator was punished to run across the ground for one hour.
5 The Colonel finally said, “Discipline begins with the officers!”
6 Sergeant Major panted a tree in the ground.
7 The Sergeant Major saluted his cane.
8 The grinning fellows were jealous of the narrator.
9 Mr. Sim kept saluting the Colonel for twenty minutes.
10 The lieutenant respected his Colonel.


WRITING
I why do we impose discipline on ourselves? Support your
Answer with an example.