Sunday, 31 May 2020

LESSON: LET’S NOT FORGET THE MARTYRS

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LESSON: LET’S NOT FORGET THE MARTYRS



Q. 1. Who wrote the chapter 'Let's not forget the Martyrs.
Ans. Vandana Sehgal.



Q. 2. Who was Major Som Nath Sharma?
Ans. He was the first recipient of the Param Vir Chakra.
Q. 3. Give the name of the father of Major Som Nath Sha
Ans. Major General Amar Nath Sharma.
Q. 4. Who entered from Badgam from the direction of Gulmarg?
Ans. A tribal 'lashkar' of 700 raiders.
Q. 5. When did the Chinese attack Sirijap-1 post in Ladakh?
Ans. On 20 October, 1962.
Q. 6. When was Dhan Singh Thapa commissioned in the Indian Army?
Ans. On 28 August, 1949.
Q. 7. For how long did the shelling continue when Major Thapa and his men facing the mortar firing from the Chinese?
Ans. It continued for two and a half hours.

Q. 8. What happened to Major Thapa during the war?
Ans. He was overpowered and captured by the enemy.
Q. 9. When and where was Abdul Hamid born?
Ans. On 1 July, 1933 at Dhamupur village of Ghazipur district of Uttar Pradesh.
Q. 10. Where was Abdul Hamid posted during the Indo-Pak War of 1965?
Ans. In the Khem Karan-Bhikhiwind Sector in Punjab.
Q. 11. When did Pakistani forces attack a village in the Khem Karan Sector of l'
Ans. On 10 September, 1965.
On board on 14 December, 1971 in Srinagar airfield? Six resi di Forza F-86 jess attacked Srinagar airfield.  He was midnamed Sher Shah' for his courage ?
14. Fa and where was Captain Vikram Batra borna
s. O 9 September 1974 in Ghuggar village near Palampur in Himachal Pradesh.
k was given to Captain Vikram? Ass To recapture Poiar 5140.
16 were the last words of Captain Vikram Batra? 1. Ja Mazz Dz.
Short Q/A
A1-The five recipients of the Param Vir Chakara mentioned in the lesson are-
1. Major Som Nath Sharma
2. Lieutenant Colonel Dhan Singh Thapa
3. Havildar Abdul Hamid
4. Flying Officer Nirmaljit Singh Sekhon
5. Captain Vikram Batra
A2- Major Som Nath Sharma died on 3rd November, 1947 in Badgam village of Kashmir. (Indo-Pak War 1947-48)
A3- Major Som Nath faced the mortar bravely. He urged his men to fight bravely.
A4- Lt. Col. Dhan Singh Thapa distinguished himself as a great soldier in the Indo-China war of 1962.
A5- Because he destroyed three enemy tanks in the Indo-Pak war of 1965.
A6- During the Sino-Indian war of 1962, Abdul Hamid participated in the Battle of Namka Chu against the Chinese.
A7- Flying Officer Nirmal Jit Singh was awarded the Param Vir Chakra for showing great braver in his defense of Srinagar during the Indo-Pak war of 1965.
A8- Captain Vikram Batra displayed exemplary bravery during the Kargil was of 1999 in Kashmir between India and Pakistan. He was awarded with Param Vir Chakra.
A9- Vikram Batra joined Indian Army as a Lieutenant of 13 Jammu and Kashmir Rifles at Sopore. He rose to the rank of Captain.
A10- The capture of 5140 set in motion a string of success, such as point 5100, point 4700, Junction Peak, Three Pimples.
Vocabulary Ex-1 Pg. 61

Ans- 1. Recipient 2. Infiltrators 3. Approached 4. Combat
6. Overwhelming 7. Posthumously 8. displayed
Ex-2
Form Adjectives
i. Poor ii. Merciful iii. Powerful iv. Destructive v. gallant
vi. successful vii. Brave viii. Lengthy ix. Prestigious x. courageous
Grammar Ex-1 Pg-62 Determiner
1. Some 2. All 3. all 4. Both 5. Some
Ex-2 Change the voice

Ans 1. I could not be helped with my lessons by her.
2. We have mortgaged our conscience to money.
3. The patient was advised not to eat rice by the doctor.
4. Eggs were being laid in her wounds by the flies.
5. Are others imitated by you?
Ex-3 Identify the tenses
1. Present Indefinite Tense 2. Present Perfect Tense 3. Future indefinite
Tense
4. Present Continuous Tense 5. Past continuous Tense



Questions 1- 10

Choose the correct option A, B, C or D.

1 The first recipient of Paramvir Chakra was ____________.
A Dhan Singh Thapa                                 B Abdu Hamid
C Major Som Nath Sharma                     D Captain Vikram Batra

2 He died while evicting _____ infiltrators and raiders from Kashmir airport.
A Chinese                                                    B Pakistani
C Bangadeshi                                              D None of these

3 Major Som Nath Sharma died fighting in Indo-Pak war of ____________.
A 1962                      B 1965                      C 1947-48                D None of these

4 He belonged to the __________ Regiment.
A Gorkha Rife                                             B Battalion
C Manekshaw Battalion             D Kumaon

5 He was born on _____ 1923 at Dadh, Kangra, Himachal Pradesh, India.
A 30th June                                                 B 30 July
C 31 January                                                D 31 December

6 He belonged to a we known ____ family.
A business                                                   B poor
C military                                                     D None of these

7 His father was a ________
A doctor                                                       B teacher
C military officer                                       D militant

8 His company was airlifted to Srinagar on ___________.
A 31 Juy, 1947                                            B 31 January,1947
C 31 August 1947                          D 31 October 1947

9 A tribal ‘Lashkar’ of _________ radars approached ‘Badgam’ from the direction of Gulmarg
A 500             B 700             C 900             D 300

10 His company was soon surrounded by the enemy from ______________ sides.
A two B four C three D none of these


READING (PASSAGE)

Flying Officer Nirmal Jit Singh Sekhon, PVC (17 July 1943-14 December 1971) was an officer of the Indian Air Force. He was posthumously awarded the Param Vir Chakra, India's highest military decoration, in recognition of his lone defence of Srinagar Air Base against a Pakistani air raid during the Indo-Pak war of 1971. During the Indo-Pak War of 1971, he was assigned to the No.18 Squadron, “The Flying Bullets”, flying the Folland Gnat fighter aircraft based at Srinagar. On 14 December 1971, Srinagar airfield was attacked by six Pakistan Air Force F-86 jets. Flying Officer 56 Sekhon was on readiness duty at that time. Soon the enemy aircraft attacked the airfield, strafing ground targets.
Under heavy fire, he was able to take off in his Gnat and engage the Sabres. In the ensuing air battle, Sekhon scored a direct hit on one Sabre and set another ablaze. The latter was seen heading away towards Rajauri, trailing smoke.
The four remaining Sabres pressed the attack, and after a lengthy dogfight at tree-top level, Sekhon's aircraft was hit, and he was killed. The remaining Pakistani aircraft returned to Pakistan without pressing the attack. The bravery, flying skill and determination displayed by Flying Officer Sekhon earned him India's highest wartime medal for gallantry, the Param Vir Chakra. His skill was later praised in an article by Salim Baig Mirza, the pilot who shot him down.

Questions 1- 10

Do the flowing statements agree with the writer in the Reading Passage?

Write True, if the statement is true.
Write False, if the statement is false.
Write Not Given, if the statement is not given.

1 Flying Officer Nirmal Jit Singh Sekhon was an Officer of the Indian Air Force.
2 He was posthumously awarded the Paramvir Chakra for his team work.
3 Paramvir Chakra is the highest military decoration award.
4 Nirmal Jit Singh Sekhon fought during the Indo-Pak War of 1965.
5 During the war he was assigned to the No: 19 Squadron.
6 Sekhon was specially trained to defend such types of attacks.
7 The battel was fought at the height of 30,000 kms above sea eve.
8 Sekhon won the battel and came home aive.
9 Pakistani aircrafts were called back.
10 His skis were alter praised in an article by Saim Baig Mirza.


WRITING
Write a few lines about
1 Param Veer Chakra
2 Captain Vikram Batra
3 Major Som Nath Sharma
(Take help from the chapter