Friday, 4 October 2019

Two Memorable Speeches

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                                  Two Memorable Speeches



Textual Comprehension
I. Who said these words and on what occasion?
1. The future beckons us.
Ans. Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru said these words on 15th August 1947 when India got Independence.

1.      We accept all religions as true.
Ans. Swami Vivekanand said these words on the occasion of the world Parliament of Religious at Chicago (USA).

2.      Brothers and sisters of America.
Ans. Swami Vivekanand said these words on the occasion of the world Parliament of Religious at Chicago (USA).
3.      We are citizens of a great country.
Ans. Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru said these words on 15th August 1947 while addressing press when India got Independence.

4.      It is a fateful moment for us in India.
Ans. Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru said these words on the 15 August 1947 when India got independence.
6. I pity him from the bottom of my heart.
Ans. Swami Vivekanand said these words on the occasion of the world Parliament of Religious at Chicago (USA).


II. Answer the following questions in your own words:
1.      When did Nehru address the nation and where?
Ans. Nehru address the nation on midnight of 14th August 1947 from the Lok Sabha.

 2. What appointed day does Nehru talk of?
Ans. Nehru talks of the Independence Day (Freedom of India) which he terms as the ‘appointed day’.

3. What does Nehru refer to as ‘a long slumber’?
Ans. Nehru refer to slavery as ‘a long slumber’

4. Nehru says, “May the star never set.” Which star?
Ans. When Nehru says ‘May the star never set’, he refers to the star of freedom.

5. What does Nehru say ‘shall be our endeavour’?
Ans. Nehru say that to bring freedom and opportunity to common men, peasants and workers of India, to fight and end poverty, ignorance and disease, to build up a prosperous, democratic and progressive nation etc. ‘shall be our endeavour

6. Why did Swami Vivekananda go to Chicago in 1893?
Ans. Swami Vivekananda went to Chicago in 1893 to address the world Parliament of Religions.

7. How did Swami Vivekananda begin his speech?
Ans. Swami Vivekananda begin his speech with the words “Brothers and sisters of America”.

1.      What did the Swami say he was proud of?
Ans. Swami Vivekananda said he was proud to belong to a nation which has sheltered the persecuted and the refugees of all religious and nation of the earth.

9. What did he want to end from the earth?
Ans. He wanted to end all fanaticism, persecutions and all uncharitable feeling the earth.

10..What did he say the Parliament of Religions had proved?
Ans He said that Parliament of Religions had proved that holiness, purity and charity belong to the world.


III. Choose suitable words from the box to complete each sentence:

1. India shall wake to freedom                                               at the stroke of midnight

2. Nobody should dream of an                                   exclusive survival of his own religion.
3. India stands forth again after                                 a long slumber and struggle

4. The time has now come for us to                                     redeem our pledges.

5. Holiness, purity and charity are not the                        exclusive possessions of any church in the world

6. We believe not only in universal toleration but we accept all religious as true.

7. Our endeavour shall be to ensure justice and         fullness of life to every man and woman.

8. We have sheltered the persecuted and refugees     of all religions and all nations of the world.




• redeem our pledges.
• at the stroke of midnight.
• a long slumber and struggle.
• but we accept all religious as true.
• exclusive survival of his own religion.
• fullness of life to every man and woman.
• of all religions and all nations of the world.
• exclusive possessions of any church in the world
 



















Vocabulary Enrichment
I. Match the words in column ‘A’ with their opposites in column ‘B’:
A                                                                     B
Awake                                                             top
Purity                                                              rare
bottom                                                             noon
survival                                                            death
freedom                                                           asleep
common                                                          slavery
midnight                                                          pollution
ignorance                                                         prosperity
backwardness                                                  knowledge



II. There is something wrong with each spelling. Can you put it right?
1. destny                    destiny

2. strugle                    struggle

3. sirvival                    survival

4. apointed                 appionted

5. holyness                 holiness

6. endevour                endeavour

7. oportunity              opportunity

8. indpendent             independent


III. Use each pair of words in sentences of your own to show the difference in their meanings:
1.      made :     The carpenter made a big table
maid :      She is household maid.

2. way :             Hard work is the way to success.
    weigh :          They weight the mangoes.

3. one :              One of the boys helped the beggar.
    won :            We have won the match.

4. accept :         I accept your challenge.
    except :         All were present in the meeting except the boss.

in                            on                           to                            of                            off                         into                        for                      with
A    Particle    is    a     preposition   or     an         adverb       that           can        combine        with      a          verb.
 

Grammar in Use
I. Choose a suitable particle for each blank:


1. I am not used to such cold weather.
2. We went to the airport to see him off.
3. What are you going for to the market?
4. It looks nice, but what do you eat it with?
5. He left early, complaining of a headache.
6. I can’t get into these shoes – they are too small.
7. He is not the sort of person we can count on.
8. She looks in on her elderly neighbour every evening.


II. Fill in the blanks with suitable linking words:


Who                      what                     which                    where                   why                       how
 





1. Ask him where to put this box.
2. He told me which book to buy.
3. I don’t know who that man is.
4. He has forgotten what her name is.
5. Do you know of to make coffee?
6. I can’t understand into you are so angry.


III. Write questions to which the words in italics are the answers:
1. Misha drinks milk in the morning.
What does                   Misha drink in the morning.
2. We buy stationery from this shop.
What                           do you buy from this shop.
3. I reach school at 9 a.m.
When               do you reach the school?
4. She visited us during the holidays.
When               did she visit you?
5. I got late because the train was late.
Why                did you get late?
6. We dislike him because he is dishonest.
Why                do you dislike him?
7. He became rich by working hard.
How                did he become rich?
8. A man becomes happy by helping others.
How                does a man become happy?
9. He wants to sell his old house.
Which house   does he want to sell?
10. She wanted the room on the first floor.
Which room    did she want?


Pronunciation Practice
A syllable is a phonic unit into which a word can be divided. A word can have one or more syllables.
For example, the word child has one syllable and the word children has two syllables.
Each syllable has a vowel sound and one or more consonants.

Rule : If a one-syllable word has two vowels, the first vowel usually has a long sound, and the second vowel is silent. And if the first vowel is ‘a’, in that case the word has the long ‘a’ sound; as ––
 








Tick all the words having a long vowel sound:

1. mail maze                make               man         ban              brain               rake          rail

2. stay              stamp               stray                spray        trade                        trail                 train         tray

3. sail               say                   sad                   safe         cape             lame                  case          can

4. plant            plate                plane                pain         ray              raft                  rain          cane

5. rain          cane

Ans.1. mail                  maze                make               brain               rake                rail

2.stay                           stamp               spray                 trade               trail                 tray

3.sail                            say                   sad                   safe                   cape                lame                  

case                              can

4.plate                           plane              pain                rain                   cane

5.trape             slate                may                 mane                train

Composition Writing
I.                    Write a short paragraph on any well-known personality of your country. Your person can be –


a poet                                                                   a painter
a social worker                                                  a singer
a novelist                                                             a film producer
an actor                                                                a musician
an actor                                                                a musician



 












II. Think of some important days and dates and also say what they are known
for; as ––

Ans.
1. 14 November 1889             Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru’s birthday

2. 26 January 1950                The Republic Day of India

3.15 august 1947                    The Independence Day of India.

4.2 October 1869                    Mahatma Gandhi’s Birthday.

5.13 April 1699                      The foundation of ‘Khalsa’.

6.13 April 1919                      Tragedy of Jallianwala Bagh.



Q.1. When did Nehru ji address the nation and where?
Ans: Nehruji addressed the nation on the midnight ofAugust14, 1947 from Lok Sabha.

Q.2. What does Nehruji say shall be our endeavour?
 Ans: Nehruji said that our endeavor shall be to bring freedom and opportunity to the common man, uproot poverty and disease and build up a prosperous nation.

Q.3. Why did Swami Vivekananda go to Chicago in 1893?
Ans: Swamiji went to Chicago in 1893 to represent India in the world Parliament of Religions.

Q.4. How did Swami Vivekananda begin his speech?
Ans: Swami Ji began his speech "Brothers and Sisters of America."

 Q.5. What does Nehru ji refer to as 'a Long Slumber'?
Ans: Nehru Ji refers to long slavery of India.

Q.6. What appointed day is Nehru ji talking of?

Ans: Nehru ji is talking of India's Independence Day.