Thursday, 3 October 2019

(THE MAKING OF THE EARTH)

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(THE MAKING OF THE EARTH)



LANGUAGE EXERCISES

A. Comprehension Questions
I. (i) Answer the following questions:

1. What are planets?
Ans.  Planets are heavenly bodies that move round the sun.

2. Define solar system
Ans. Solar means belonging to the sun. The earth and other planets belong to the sun. They were once parts of the sun. The sun, its planets and their satellites are known as the solar system.

3. How can you distinguish between planets and stars?
Ans. The real way to distinguish planets from the stars is to see if they twinkle or not. Stars twinkle at night, planets do not.

4..Why do the stars twinkle?
Ans. The stars are very hot and burning. They are balls of fire. They are millions of miles away from us. So they twinkle and not shine like the moon.

1.     How was earth formed?
Ans.  The planets earth was once a part of the sun. It broke away from the sun. It was as hot and burning as the sun at that time. After millions of years, the earth cooled down and life appeared on its surface and in the sea.

6. How were oceans and seas formed?
Ans. When the earth cooled down, water vapours appeared on it. They rose in the sky and came down in the shape of heavy rain. This filled hollows on the earth. These hollows became seas and oceans.

(ii) Answer in 50-60 words:

1.     Write a short note of about 100 words on the making of the earth.
Ans. Millions of years ago, the earth was a part of the hot and burning sun. Somehow, this part separated from the sun and become its planet. At that time, the earth was as hot as the sun. But gradually, it cooled down. Water vapours appeared on it. They changed into rain. The rain filled hollows of the earth. These hollows became seas and oceans. Then different forms of life appeared on the planet earth.

2. Write a few words on the happy family of the sun.
Ans . There was a time when earth and other planets were parts of the sun. Somehow, these parts broke away from the sun begun to move round it like planets. Then small parts of different planets broke away from them and became satellites. The Satellite began to move round planets. The sun, its planets and their satellites from a happy family. They are called the solar system.

B. Vocabulary Exercises
(i) Look at the following sentences:
The moon is called the satellite of the earth because it hangs on to it. In this way our earth also shot out from the sun. The italicized verbs followed by prepositions are called phrasal verbs.

Now fill in the blanks with the given prepositions making appropriate phrasal verbs:
   Into                     off                out                on                      down
a. He lived on milk for two months.
b. Please turn off the lights before you sleep.
c. The thieves broke out of the prison.
d. The thieves tried to break into the house to steal.
e. She fell down and broke her leg.

(ii) Fill in the blanks selecting suitable words from the given list:
fraction                             centre                                              beginning
extends                            comprehension                                calculation
including                         advancement                                    entire
exists

Everything exists in space. But what exactly is space is something beyond human imagination
and comprehension. It is also beyond mathematical calculation. We do not know for sure how far space extends. It does not have a beginning. And it does not have an end. It was earlier believed that the earth was the centre, of the universe and that all heavenly bodies, including the sun, revolved around it. With the advancements of science and technology, it was known that the sun was the centre of the solar system and that the entire solar system occupies just a tiny fraction of space in the entire universe.


C. Grammar Exercises
(i) Fill in the blanks using the correct infinitive or participle:

1. Do you regret failing your exams? (to fail/failing/to failing)

2. Would you like to go to the theatre with me? (to go/going/to going)

3. Would you mind going to the theatre with me? (to go/going/to going)

4. The soldiers get used to living in the jungle.(to live/ to living / living)

5. He used to live in the jungle. (to live / to living / living)

6. Do you mind waiting until I have finished my work? (to wait / waiting / to waiting)

7. Do you want to visit the new shopping mall? (to visit / visiting / to visiting)

(ii) Fill in the blanks with suitable articles:
So the earth started to cool. It took a long time over it. Gradually the surface of the earth become cooler although the interior remained very hot. Even now if you go down a coal mine it becomes hotter and hotter as you go down. Probably if you could go down deep enough inside the earth you would find it red hot.

D. Pronunciation Practice
The past morpheme – ed is pronounced in three ways
a.      / d /
b.     / I d /
c.     / t /
Read the following words now with the correct sound at the final position.
a.         Bagged                   b.    wanted                     c.     pushed
                played                           headed                              laughed
                tried                              heated                                passed
                clubbed                         waded                                hushed
                breathed                       waited                          booked

E. Creative Writing and Extended Reading
1. Read Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru’s ‘Letters from a Father to a Daughter’. How do you find it ?
2. Read the biography of Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru and describe Pt. Nehru (i) as a political leader  (ii) as a scholar and          (iii) as a humanist.
3. Name all the planets of the Solar System.
4. Write a paragraph on: An Imaginary Trip to the Moon.



Just a little fun:
There once was a girl of New York,
Whose body was lighter than cork;
She had to be fed
For six weeks upon lead,
Before she went out for a walk.
 











(Very Short Q/A)



1. A body that goes round a star is called a ………………..

Ans:- Planet


2. The sun, the planets and the satellites together make ………………….

Ans:- The solar system.


3. The moon is the …………..of the earth.

Ans:- satellite


4. Who is the father of all the planets?

Ans:- The sun


5. The moon goes round the sun.                                                            =False


6. Some stars are bigger than the sun.                                                     = True


7. What are the people who study stars called?

Ans:- Astronomers



8. What does ‘solar’ mean?

Ans:- Belonging to the sun.


9. The earth revolves round the sun.                                                        =True


10. Stars twinkle, while planets don’t. =True (15-20 WORDS)


1. What are planets?

Ans:- Planets are the heavenly bodies which move round the sun. E.g. the earth.


2. Define solar system?

Ans:- Solar system means the family of the sun. It has the sun, its planets and their satellites in it.



3. How can you distinguish between planets and stars?

Ans:- Stars twinkle while planets don’t. Stars are bigger than planets.

                 TRANSLATION

168. The moon is called the satellite of the earth.
168. cMn nUM DrqI dw aupgRih ikhw jWdw hY[
169. The other planets have also got their satellites.
169. hor gRihAW dy vI Awpxy aupgRih hn[
170. This is called the solar system.
170. ies nUM sOr mMfl ikhw jWdw hY[
171. Solar means belonging to the sun.
171. sOr dw mqlb hY sUrj nwl sMbMD r~Kx vwlw[
172. Can you distinguish between a planet and a star?
172. kI qusIN gRih Aqy qwry ivc AMqr kr skdy ho?
173. Stars twinkle, planets do not.
173. qwry itmitmwauNdy hn, pr gRih nhIN[
174. The real stars are like our sun.
174. AslI qwry swfy sUrj vWg hn[
175. The earth took much less time to cool.
175. DrqI ny TMfw hox leI bhuq G~t smW ilAw[
176. So the earth started to cool.
176. ies qrW DrqI TMfI hoxI SurU ho geI[
177. It took a long time over it.
177. Aijhw krn ivc bhuq lMbw smW l~gw[
178. It is called the cold moon.
178. ies nUM TMfw cMdrmw ikhw jWdw hY