Thursday, 3 October 2019

(THE HOME COMING)

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                              (THE HOME COMING) 



LANGUAGE EXERCISES

A. Comprehension Questions
(i) Answer the following questions in your own words:

1. Who was Phatik?
Ans. Phatik was a young boy of fourteen. He lived in a village with his mother and his younger brother, Makhan. He was the ring-leader of the boys of his village. He played games with them on the bank of the river.

2. What was the new mischief Phatik thought of?
Ans. A log of wood was lying on the bank of the river. Phatik thought of a mischief. If the log is rolled away into the water, its owner would be angry and surprised while all the boys would enjoy the fun.

3.. Why were Phatik and his friends annoyed with Makhan?
Ans. When Phatik and his friends were about to roll the log of wood into the river, Makhan came and sat on the log. He wanted to spoil their game. So Phatik and his friends were annoyed with Makhan.

1.     What was Phatik’s ‘new manoeuvre’?
Ans. Makhan’s refusal to leave the log was a challenge to Phatik. He thought of a new mischief. He decided to roll away both Makhan and the log. He issued orders and the boys rolled both Makhan and log into the water.

2.     Why did Phatik beat Makhan even in the presence of his mother?
Ans. Makhan told his mother that Phatik had beaten him on the bank of the river. This was a lie that made Phatik angry. So he beat Makhan in the presence of his mother. 

3.     Was Makhan speaking the truth?
Ans. No, he was not speaking the truth. Phatik had rolled into the water along with the log, but he told his mother that Phatik had beaten him.

4.     Why did Phatik’s mother want to send him away to her brother’s house?
Ans. Phatik’s mother wanted to send him away to her brother’s house because she wanted to get rid of this lazy, disobedient and wild son. She also feared that he would someday drown his brother in the river or hurt him seriously.

5.     How was Phatik received by his aunt?
Ans. The aunt was not pleased to find a new boy in her family. She regarded Phatik as an unnecessary addition to her family. This upset her.

6.     Why couldn’t Phatik do well at school in Calcutta?
Ans. Phatik could not do well at school because he was not treated well at his uncle’s house. When he lost his book, it became more difficult for him to do his school work.

7.     How did Phatik's aunt behave on learning about the loss of his book?
Ans. When Phatik told his aunt that he had lost his book, there was an expression of great contempt on her face. She called him a country lout. She told him that she could not buy new books for him again and again. She had her own children to look after.

8.     What was the immediate reason for Phatik’s departure from his uncle’s house?
Ans. Phatik was living with his aunt as an unwelcome nephew. One day he felt that he was going to have an attack of malaria. He did not want to create a trouble to his aunt. So he left his uncle’s house immediately.

9.     Why did Bishamber send for his sister?
Ans. Phatik was suffering from high fever. He was calling his mother in his critical condition. So Bishamber sent for his sister.

10.            What were Phatik’s last words?
Ans. When Phatik saw his mother in his critical condition, he had a feeling that he had return to his mother’s home. So he said,” Mother, the holiday have come.” These were Phatik’s last words.

(ii) Answer the following questions in about 50 words each:


1.     How does Phatik feel when he is at Calcutta?
Ans. When Phatik is at Kolkata, he feels very sad. His aunt regards him as a burden on her family. His cousins mock at him. His schoolmates avoid his company. He is regarded as the most backward student in his class. His teachers punish him daily. All this makes the life of Phatik very miserable and he wants to go back to village home.

2.     Why does Bishamber want to take Phatik to Calcutta?
Ans. Phatik’s mother tells her brother, Bishamber that the boy has become wild, lazy and disobedient. She feels that it is difficult for her to control him and teach him how to believe like a good boy. Then Bishamber takes pity on him and asks his sister to send Phatik with him. He wants to take Phatik to Kolkata to educate him with his children.

3.     Who is responsible for Phatik’s death?
Ans. The curel aunt of Phatik is responsible for his death. She regards him as an unwelcome guest in her house. Even when he is seriously ill and his life is in danger, she ill-treats him. She is responsible for driving him out into the rain when he is suffering from high fever. All this shows that cruelty of his aunt is responsible for death of poor Phatik.




4. Write a character-sketch of
a. Bishamber                     b. Makhan
c. Phatik’s aunt                d. Phatik’s mother

Ans.
Bishamber:-Phatik’s uncle, Bishamber is a kind and sympathetic person. He lives at Kolkata. When he learns from his sister that Phatik has become a troublesome child for her mother, Bishamber takes pity on the boy. He decided to take him to Kolkata and educate him with his own children. We do not know whether he is aware of his wife’s ill-treatment of Phatik. But he treats the boy like his own son. He is extremely worried when Phatik suffers from malaria and runs away from his house. He sends for a doctor, but his effort fail to save the life of this young boy. Thus Bishamber is a nice character who is a loving brother and a loving uncle.           

Makhan:-Makhan is younger brother of Phatik. His elder brother is the ring-leader of village boys. But Makhan does not obey him. When he is ordered not to sit on the log, he refuses to leave that place. Consequently, there is a fight between the two brothers. Makhan reports the matter to his mother. He tells that Phatik had beaten him at the time when they quarreled. The mother has a soft corner for him. She believes his false story. Thus the rift between the two brothers widens. As a student, Makhan is obedient and hard-working. His mother regards him as a nice boy. But the story “the Home Coming” is largely about the tragedy of Phatik, so Makhan appears only in the earlier part of this story.

Phatik’s Aunt:- Phatik’s Aunt is unkind and cruel woman. She has no love for Phatik, and she makes no attempt to improve the life of this boy. She feels very upset when Phatik enters her house. She regards the boy as a burden on her family. When he loses his lesson book, she scolds him. As a result of her harsh attitude, the boy feels very miserable in her house.
The cruelty of Phataik’s aunt crosses all limits when the boy in the condition of high fever. She makes no effort to nurse him back to health. It is her cruel treatment which drives out the poor boy in the rain in this critical condition. His condition worsens, and he dies. All this proves that Phatik’s aunt is a cruel, selfish and heartless woman. She is responsible for the death of poor phatik.

4.     Give a pen-portrait of Phatik.
Ans.   Phatik is the ring-leader among the boys of his village and thinks of new mischiefs. He loves to play in the company of village boys. His mother does not like his ways. She regards him a lazy, irresponsible and disobedient child. One day Phatik’s younger brother , Makhan lies to his mother that Phatik has beaten him. Phatik becomes very angry and starts beating his brother. The mother then beats Phatik.
She sends him to Kolkata with his uncle. His aunt regards him as an unwelcome guest.  Phatik has an attack of malaria. He does not want to live in the house of his cruel aunt. He runs away at a time when there is a heavy rain. He suffers from high fever. His condition becomes critical and he dies helplessly. His longing for going back to his village remains unfulfilled.

5.     Describe the quarrel between Phatik and Makhan
Ans. Phatik and his friend are playing their games on the bank of a river. A log of wood is lying there. The boys decide to roll it away. Makhan, the younger brother of Phatik, appears on the spot. He sits on the log. Phatik asks him to move away. But Makhan continues to sit on the log.
Then Phatik asks his companions to roll down the log. Makhan falls on the muddy ground. But soon he gets up on his feet. He runs towards Phatik and begins to beat him. Then he goes home crying. Makhan lies to his mother that his mother that his brother has beaten him. Phatik cannot tolerate this telling of lies. He rushes Makhan and begins to beat him. The mother sides with Makhan and beats Phatik.

(iii) Tick () the correct statements as found in the lesson:

1. Phatik loved his brother Makhan.                                                                              False

2. Phatik was a perpetual nuisance to his mother.                                                         True

3. Bishamber wanted to help his sister.                                                               True

4. Phatik was welcomed by his aunt.                                                                             False

5. Phatik’s cousins too made fun of him.                                                             True


B. Vocabulary Exercises
II
(i) Fill in the blanks with adjective forms of the following words:
futility                            delirium

philosophy                     dignity                  fertility

1. Phatik had a fertile brain.

2. He behaved in a dignified manner.

3. He knew that it was a futile attempt.

4. By night he had become delirious.

5. Makhan sat on the log in a philosophical mood.


(ii) Match the words in Column A with their opposites in Column B:


          A                                                  B
unanimously                                            applaud
timidly                                                     liked
futile                                                        take, receive
furious                                                     invigorated
fertile                                                       individually
earthly                                                     boldly
impotent                                                  useful
exhausted                                                barren
bequeath                                                  calm
despised                                                   heavenly
jeer                                                           potent


Ans.             unanimously                           individually
         
timidly                                     boldly
                                                                              
futile                                        useful
         
furious                                     calm                    

fertile                                       barren

earthly                                     heavenly    

impotent                                  potent

exhausted                                 invigorated

bequeath                                  take, receive

despised                                   liked
         
jeer                                          applaud


(iii) Makhan was ‘as good as gold’. Complete the following expressions in the same way:

1      as white as snow
2.     as black as coal
3.     as innocent as a baby
4.     as obstinate as a mule
5.     as gentle as a lamb


C. Grammar Exercises
III (i) Fill in the blanks with the correct verb form of the italicized words:
1. All Indians should try to glorify their motherland. (glory)
2. Makhan sat and sulked in a corner. (sulk)
3. Phatik was not amused  by Makhan’s antics. (amusement)
4. Mother was distressed at Phatik’s ways. (distress)
5. Phatik’s patience was already exhausted  (exhaust)
6. Phatik’s aunt constantly despised  him. (despise)
7. One day he lost his patience. (loss)



(ii) Fill in the blanks with suitable articles:
1. The Ganga is a sacred river.
2. He reads the Bible every day.
3. The man struck a match.
4. Where is the money to come from?
5. He began a series of experiments.
6. I was on an official visit.
7. There was an elephant on the road.


(iii) Fill in the blanks with the passive forms of the verbs given in italics to complete the following sentences:
1. Children were making a noise. The Principal was informed(inform)
2. This letter should be posted (post)
3. He is not well; he should be taken to the hospital. (take)
4. The child is crying; it should be helped (help)
5. It is getting dark; the shop would be closed (close)


(i)                Put proper punctuation marks in the following passage and use capital letters wherever necessary:

the effect of books is twofold. Books preserve knowledge in time and spread it in space suppose for example that you think of an important idea or a beautiful poem unless you can write it down your idea or poem will probably die.

Ans. The effect of books is twofold books preserve knowledge in time and spread it in space. Suppose, for example, that you think of an important idea or a beautiful poem. Unless you can write it down, your idea or poem will probably die.


D. Pronunciation Practice
Check up the pronunciation of the following words in the dictionary and say them aloud:
sugar                         tobacco                            soot
tomb                         colleague                         menu
career                        alcohol                            grammar
iron                           cadre                               climb
colonel                     echo                               woman
Don’t you think you should learn phonetic symbols to be able to read the correct pronunciation of words from the dictionary?

E. Creative Writing and Extended Reading
1. Write a paragraph on the psychology of the working of the mind of a boy at the age of fourteen. (Refer to the para beginning with : In this world there is ….)
2. Do you remember any particular incident of your childhood? Write a few lines about what you remember.
3. Read the following stories by R.N. Tagore:
a. The Cabuliwallah
b. The Postmaster
c. The Child’s Return
Do you see any similarity between these stories?
Discuss it with some of your class-fellows in the presence of your teacher.
4. Why do you (or don’t you, in case) like the story, The Home-Coming? Discuss with some of your class-fellows.

5. Write a paragraph on:
i.   East or West, Home is the Best.
ii. Role of Parental Love in the Life of a Child

Just a little fun:
A Turk named Abdullah Ben Barum
Had sixty-five wives in his harem.
When his favourite horse died,
“Mighty Allah,” he cried,
“Take a few of my wives. I can spare ‘em.”

 











                




(Very Short Q/A)


1. ………………… was the ringleader among the boys of his village.

Ans:- Phatik


2. Who was Phatik’s brother?

Ans:- Makhan


3. Where was the log lying?

Ans:- on the bank of the river


4. Who came and sat on the log?

Ans:- Makhan


5. What was the name of Phatik’s uncle?

Ans:- Bishamber


6. Who is responsible for Phatik’s death?

Ans:- His aunt


7. What were Phatik’s last words?

Ans:- ‘Mother the holidays have come’.


8. Phatik’s aunt was pleased at his arrival in her house.                 = False


9. Phatik was very excited to go to his uncle’s house.                      =True


10. How old was Phatik?

Ans:- 14 years old.


11. . Bishamber took Phatik to …………………………with him.

Ans:- Kolkata



(15-20 ORDS)



1. Who was Phatik?

Ans:- Phatik was a 14 year old boy. He was the ring leader among the boys of his village.


2. What was the new mischief Phatik thought of?

Ans:- Phatik and his friends wanted to roll the log away and annoy the owner.


3. Why were Phatik and his friends annoyed with Makhan?

Ans:- Makhan came and sat on the log. So they were annoyed.


4. What were Phatik’s last words?

Ans:- Phatik’s last words were, ”Mother, the holidays have come”.


               TRANSLATION

122. Phatik Chakravarti was the ring-leader amongst the boys of his village.
122. Pitk c~krvrqI ipMf dw muMifAW dw mu~KIAw sI [
123. One day a plan for new mischief entered his head.
123. iek idn nvIN Srwr dI iek Xojnw aus dy idmwg ivc AweI [
124. The boys puzzled for a moment.
124. lVky iek pl leI aulJx ivc pY gey [
125. But his courage failed him at the crises.
125. pr sMkt vwlI hwlq ivc aus dI ihMmq jvwb dy geI [
126. But Phatik was a little frightened.
126. pr Pitk QoVw ijhw fr igAw[
127. He knew what was coming.
127. auh jwxdw sI ik kI hox vwlw sI[
128. The first act of the drama was over.
128. nwtk dw pihlw AMk ^qm ho igAw sI[
129. Phatik went on nibbling the grass.
129. Pitk Gwh kuqrdw irhw[
130. The stranger asked him again.
130. AjnbI ny aus qoN dubwrw p~uiCAw[
131. Phatik refused to move.
131. Pitk ny ih~lx qoN ienkwr kr id~qw[
132. But on this occasion the servant was the master.
132. pr ies mOky nOkr mwilk bixAw hoieAw sI [
133. So you have been hitting Makhan again.
133. qW qUM mwKx nUM i&r qoN ku~t irhw hYN[
134. Phatik answered indignantly.
134. Pitk ny gu~sy ivc jvwb id~qw[
135. Phatik’s patience was already exhausted.
135. Pitk dI sihx SkqI pihlW hI ^qm ho cu~kI sI[
136. He could not bear this injustice.
136. auh ies AinAW nUM sihx nw kr sikAw[
137. Would you hit your own mother?
137. kI qUM AwpxI mW nUM vI mwryNgw?
138. He asked what had occurred.
138. aus ny pu~iCAw ik kI hoieAw sI[
139. Phatik looked sheepish and ashamed.
139. Pitk mUMh curwauNdw Aqy SrimMdw lgdw sI[
140. The next few days were full of rejoicing.
140. Agly kuJ idn KuSI nwl Bry sn[
141. He was lazy, disobedient and wild.
141. auh susq, gusqw^ Aqy Awvwrw sI[
142. The widowed mother rapidly agreed.
142. ivDvw mW qurMq rwzI ho geI [
143. He is neither ornamental nor useful.
143. auh nw qW sohxw Aqy nw hI aupXogI hY[
144. Uncle, when can I go home?
144. mwmw jI, mYN Gr kdoN jw skWgw[

145. Wait till the holidays come.
145. Cu~tIAW hox qk ieMqzwr kr[
146. One day Phatik lost his lesson book.
146. iek idn Pitk AwpxI pwT pusqk guAw bYTw[
147. The next morning Phatik was nowhere to be seen.
147. AglI svyr Pitk ikqy vI nzr nw AwieAw[
148. Search in the neighbourhood proved futile.
148. guAWF ivc kIqI geI qlwS bykwr is~D hoeI[
149. At last Bishamber asked the police to help him.
149. A^Ir ibSMbr ny puils nUM aus dI mdd krn leI ikhw[
150. It was still raining and the streets were flooded.
150. vr^w hwly vI ho rhI sI Aqy glIAW ivc pwxI BirAw hoieAw sI[
151. Bishamber brought in a doctor.
151. ibSMbr iek fwktr nUM bulw ilAwieAw[
152. Mother! I am telling the truth.
152. mW mYN s~c kih irhw hW[
153. Phatik, I have sent for your mother.
153. Pitk, mYN qyrI mW nUM bulwvw ByijAw hY[
154. Bishamber tried to calm her.
154. ibSMbr ny aus nUM SWq krn dI koiSS kIqI[
155. His hands ceased beating up and down.
155. aus dy h~QW ny au~pr hyTW PVPVwauxw bMd kr id~qw[
156. Mother, the holidays have come.
156. mW! Cu~tIAW Aw geIAW hn[