Thursday, 3 October 2019

THE HAPPY PRINCE

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                                             THE HAPPY PRINCE



Q.1. Where Was the Swallow going?
A.  The Swallow was going to Egypt to be with his friends.

Q.2. Why did the Swallow put up between the feet of the Happy Prince?
A.  The Swallow put up between the feet of the Happy Prince because it was a fine place with a lot of fresh air.

Q.3. Where were the drops of water coming from?
A. The drops of water were coming from the eyes of the Happy Prince.

Q.4   Why was the Prince called the Happy Prince?
A.  When the Prince was alive, he had a human heart. He did not know what tears were. He lived in a palace,  where sorrow was not allowed to enter and his Happy Prince and happy he was. So he lived and so he died.

  Q .5   Why was the Happy Prince crying?
A. He was crying because after his death he was set up so high above the city that he could see the ugliness and so he could not but cry.

Q.6   Describe the seamstress in the words of the Prince.
A.  The seamstress has a weak and worn out face. Her hands are rough and red, pricked by the needle. She has an ailing son.

Q.7   Why was the little boy crying?
A. The little boy was crying because he wanted to have oranges but his mother was too poor to buy them and only offered plain water.

Q.8   Why did the Swallow feel warm?
A.      The Prince gave away a precious stone, ruby for the poor seamstress which was carried to her by the swallow.

Q.9   What troubled the young man in the garret?
Ans.  He was hungry and cold.

Q.10   How was the young man helped?
Ans. A sapphire was given to him by the Prince with the help of the Swallow.

Q.11. Why was the match girl crying?
Ans.  She was crying because she had lost her match sticks and was afraid of her father’ S beatings.

Q.12   The Swallow said to the Prince “l will stay with you always” Why?
Ans.   The Swallow realized that the Prince had gone blind and become helpless. So he decided to stay with him.

Q.13   What were the two most precious things in the city?
Ans.   The dead Swallow and the lead heart of the Happy Prince were the two most precious things in the city




LANGUAGE EXERCISES


 A. Comprehension Questions
(i) Answer the following Questions:
1. Where did the statue of the Happy Prince stand?
Ans. The statue of the Happy Prince stood on a high column above the city.

2. How was the statue decorated?
Ans. There were two sapphires in the eyes of the statue of the Happy Prince. There was a red ruby on the hilt of his sword. The entire body of the status was covered with fine gold. It was a splendid and highly decorated statue.

3. Where was the Swallow going?
Ans. The swallow was going to Egypt in the company of his friends. But he decided to stay behind for some time before to Egypt.

4. Why did the swallow put up between the feet of the Happy Prince?
Ans. The swallow put up between the feet of the Happy Prince because it was a fine place on the statue and there was plenty of fresh air.

5. Where were the drops coming from?
Ans. The drops were coming from the eyes of the statue of the Happy Prince.

6. Why was the Happy Prince crying?
Ans. The Happy Prince was crying because he could see the sorrows and miseries of the people of the city. The Prince had a sympathetic heart. So he shed tears of sorrow.

7. Describe the seamstress in the words of the prince.
Ans. According to the Prince, the seamstress was a very poor woman. She lived in a poor house. Her face was very thin and worn. She had coarse and red hands, all picked by the needle. She was embroidering flowers on a satin gown for the loveliest of the Queen’s maids of honour.

8. Why was the seamstress's little boy crying?
Ans. Seamstress's little boy was suffering from fever. He was asking his mother to give him oranges. But the poor mother could not afford to buy oranges. So he was crying.

9. How did both the Happy Prince and the Swallow help the seamstress?
Ans. The Happy Prince had a ruby on the hilt of his sword. He asked the swallow to take that ruby to the seamstress. By selling it to somebody,  she could get enough money. The swallow went to the seamstress and gave her the ruby. Thus they both helped.

10. Why did the Swallow feel warm?
Ans. The Swallow had done a good deed. The thought of it made him feel warm.

11. What troubled the young man in the garret?
Ans. The young man living in the garret was a playwright. He was writing a play for the Director of the Theatre. It was too cold and there was no fire in the grate. He was feeling hungry also. He was finding it difficult to do the work of writing in that extremely cold weather.

12. How was the young man helped?
Ans. The Prince asked the swallow to remove a sapphire from one of his eyes and give it to the poor playwright. The swallow did as he was told. Thus the kindness of the Prince ended the poverty of the playwright.

13. Why was the match girl crying?
Ans. The matches of the little match girl had fallen in the gutter. She belonged to a very poor family. She knew that her father would beat her if she did not bring home some money. So she was crying.

14. The Swallow said to the prince, “I will stay with you always.” Why?
Ans. The Prince had given both the sapphires from his eyes to the needy people. He was now blind. The swallow felt great sympathy for this blind helper of the poor. So he told the Prince that he would not go to Egypt and would not go to Egypt and would always stay
with him.

15. How did the poor Swallow manage to live in so much cold?
Ans. The Prince had had become blind. The Swallow did not want to desert the prince. It was very cold, but the swallow tried to keep himself warm by the flapping his wings. This he managed to live in so much cold.

16. Why was the statue of the Happy Prince pulled down?
Ans. The Mayor of the city thought that the statue of the Prince looked very ugly. It had lost all its gold, ruby and sapphires. So the Mayor ordered his men to pull it down.

17. What were the two most precious things in the city?
Ans. The leaden heart of the Prince and the dead Swallow were the two most precious things in the city.


(ii) Answer the following in about 50 words each:
1.     Why was the Prince called the Happy Prince?
Ans. When the Prince was alive, he was living happily in his palace. No sorrow was allowed to enter there. He did not know about tears. Thus he lived with happiness and died happily. So he was called the Happy Prince.

2.     “I cannot choose but weep.” Why did the Happy Prince say so?
Ans. The statue of the Prince stood on the huge column above the city. From there, he could see the sorrows and miseries of the people. The Prince had a sympathetic heart. So when he saw miserable life of the poor, he uttered these words.

3.     Comment on the remark – ‘The living always think that gold can make them happy.’
Ans. Money indeed has the power to make people live a happy life. They need food, clothes and houses to live in. They cannot get these things if their pockets are empty and they have no means to acquire wealth. But money is not everything in life. Real happiness lies in sympathy and contentment which are required for real enjoyment in life. So it is not true to think that gold can make people happy.

4.     Why did the Mayor dislike the statue so much?
Ans. The statue had no gold covering on its body. The two sapphires in the eyes were missing. There was no ruby on the hilt of the sword. It had become an ugly thing. The Mayor wanted to see the city look beautiful. He could not tolerate anything on his city that was dirty, ugly or unattractive. Hence he disliked the statue so much.

5.     Write a short note on the sufferings of the poor people in the city.
Ans. The poor people in the city lived a miserable life. The seamstress in the city had no money to buy oranges for her son who was crying and suffering from fever. The playwright had no money to buy wood and there was no fire in the grate to keep him warm in the winter. The match girl belonged to a poor family. She sold matches to earn some money. She was crying because her matches had fallen in a gutter. All these were scenes of sorrow and suffering of the poor people in the city.

6. What is the message conveyed by the author?
Ans. In the message, the author brings out the secret of true happiness. The Happy Prince sacrifices almost everything to help the poor and the needy. The swallow sacrifices his life for the sake of the Happy Prince. God blesses both of them and gives them place in the Paradise. Thus the message of the author is quite clear and very simple. True happiness comes from helping the needy and the poor. God also blesses such person.

B. Vocabulary Exercises
(i) Look at the following sentence:
“It is a fine position with plenty of fresh air.” The word fine means good. But have you ever heard this word elsewhere? What are you supposed to pay when you are late for school? That money paid by you as punishment is also called fine. Words like these which are identical in form but have more than one meaning are called homonyms. Now fill in the blanks with words meaning both A and B, for example:
a. A. gift present
B. the time now passing present

b. A. riverside bank
B. a financial institution where money is deposited bank

c. A. solid and reliable sound
B. noise sound

d. A. portray draw
B. pull out draw

e. A. cause to pass down one’s throat, gulp Swallow
B. a small migratory bird Swallow

f. A. shut close
B. near close
g. A. fireplace, framework of metal bars for holding fuel grate
B. rub into small pieces grate

h. A. try to win the love of court
B. the place where legal trials take place court

ii. Students are liable to confuse and misuse words that appear similar in sound but are different in meaning. There are many such words in this lesson. Fill in the blanks choosing the correct word from the following sets:

a. You have quite drenched me. The patient is sleeping, please keep quiet                   quiet/quite

b. The poet’s heart was filled with joy. Do not hunt the hart. You can be punished for it.

                                                                                                                                 hart/heart

c. Winter dryness makes her skin coarse You need good marks to get into this university course                                                                                                                coarse/course

d. There is no fire in the grate She takes great care of her kids.                                    grate/great

e. Do not wander in the rain. The Pyramids are a great wonder                              wonder/wander

f. They pulled down the statue of the happy prince. Penalties are laid down in the statute statue/statute

g. Human nature is the same everywhere All nations believe in the humane treatment of the prisoners of war.                                                                                                  humane/human

h. They held their council meeting on Tuesday. I will bear your counsel in mind.       council/counsel

i.                   A bird in hand is better than two in the bush. batter the mixture into a thick paste. batter/better

j. He wrote an official letter. His officious manner made him many enemies.  official/officious

(iii) Match the following words with their antonyms:

Above                              destroy

Plenty                             hostile

Bright                             vanish

Sorrow                           happiness 

Entrance                         agree

Personal                         reject

Coarse                           devil

Delicious                        health

Strange                          departure

Shabby                           below

Friendly                         scarcity

Arrival                           dull

Disease                         joy

Angel                             public

Accept                           smooth

Agree                             exit

Misery                           insipid


Appear                          familiar

Create                           neat




Ans.   Above                                     below                                     

Plenty                                       scarcity 
                                    
 Bright                                      dull      
         
          Sorrow                                    joy

           Entrance                                 exit       

           Disagree                                 agree

           Personal                                 public
                  
           Coarse                                    smooth                

          Delicious                                 insipid

          Strange                                    familiar

Shabby                                    neat
          
Friendly                                   hostile                    

          Arrival                                     departure                   

          Disease                                    health

          Angel                                       devil                  

Accept                                     reject          

Misery                                    happiness             

Appear                                             vanish        
          
Create                                     destroy            



C. Grammar Exercises

(i)                Look at these sentences:


2. Leaf after leaf of the fine gold the Swallow picked off. Now do you understand the difference between of and off?
Fill in the blanks using these two prepositions:

1. Send me a cup of tea.

2. I washed the dirt off my hands.

3. Get off the bus at the next stop.

4. Send me a copy of this story.

5. Did you get a day off this week?

6. She died of heart failure.

7. It was nice of you to send me flowers.

8. He fell off the bed and broke his leg.

9. He is a member of the Parliament.

10. She is better off without him.


(ii) Rewrite the following sentences in their past perfect and past perfect continuous form:
(Past perfect tells us about action begun and completed in the past. We use ‘had’ before the verb. Past perfect continuous tells us that the action began in the past, continued for some time, then stopped. eg. The town had been making all preparations.)

1. The town has made all preparations.
Ans. The town had been making all preparations.

2. He passed by the cathedral tower.
Ans. He had been passing by the cathedral tower.

3. You have done a good action.
Ans. You had been doing a good action.

4. I have come to bid you goodbye.
Ans. I had been coming to bid you goodbye.

5. He slept at the prince’s feet.
Ans. He had been sleeping at the prince’s feet.

6. The Swallow flew over the great city.
Ans. The Swallow had been flying over the great city.

7.     They pulled down the statue of the Happy Prince.
Ans. They had been pulling down the statue of the Happy Prince.


8.     He picked up crumbs outside the baker’s door.
Ans. He had been picking up crumbs outside the baker’s door.

9. They melted the statue in a furnace.
Ans. They had been melting the statue in a furnace.

10. The poor little Swallow grew colder and colder.
Ans. The poor little Swallow had been growing colder and colder.

(i)                Punctuate the following paragraph :
 Jack shouted back at his accuser you want to massacre 150000 people for nothing spitting out his word with fury roger the senior officer in the room shouted I have never seen such a guts less general like you jack.

Ans. Jack shouted back at his accuser,” you want to massacre 150000 people for nothing!” spitting out his word with fury, Roger, the senior officer in the room shouted,” I have never seen such a guts less general like you, jack!”

(iv) Given below is the list of adverbs used in this lesson.

Make adjectives and use them in sentences.

1. Brilliantly                       2. Quickly

3. Nervously                       4. Brightly

5. Eagerly                           6. Carefully

7. Critically                        8. Simply

9. Suddenly                       10. Lovingly

Ans. Brilliantly:  Mohan is a brilliant student.                        
Quick: He gave a quick reply.
Nervous: He got nervous.
Bright: India has a bright future.
Eager: He is always eager to help the needy.
Careful: Be careful when you cross the road.
Critical: The patient is in a critical condition.
Simple: She is wearing a simple dress.
Sudden: The sudden death of his sister made him very sad.
Loving: His step mother always treated him with loving care.

D. Pronunciation Practice Say the following words aloud:
(The pairs of words given below differ in one sound only in the initial position. The words on the right start with /s/ sound (as in the word seat) while the words on the left start with the sound that appears in the beginning of the word ship:
Self                  - shelf
 Sin                  – shin
Sign                  - shine
Socks               - shocks
Sip                   - ship
Sift                  - shift                                
Sour                -shower
Sort                 -short
Sun                 -shun
Seek                -chic (meaning very fashionable and elegant)

E. Creative Writing and Extended Reading

1.     Imagine yourself to be the Happy Prince. Write your autobiography.

2.     Imagine yourself to be the Mayor of the city. Write your experiences vis-à-vis the statue of the Happy Prince.

3.     Prepare a speech on the topic: Service of Mankind is the Best Service

4.     Discuss the topic: “What Constitutes Real Happiness?” with your class-fellows in the light of your study of the story ‘The Happy Prince.’

5.     Every good short-story has a message in it. Read at least

5 short stories written by different authors. Try to find the message contained in each story.

6. Write about:
- What you feel when you see the statue of a person.
- What it would say if it had life
- What you think about the life of the person whose statue it is.


Just a little fun:-
Ned calls his wife his counter-part.
With truth as well as whim;
Since every impulse of her heart
Runs counter still to him.


 


.






(Very Short Q/A)

1. The drops were coming from the……… of the Happy Prince.

Ans:- eyes

2. The swallow was going to …………….. in the company of his friends.

Ans:-Egypt


3. The heart of the Happy Prince was made of …………..

Ans:-lead


4. Which thing was glowing on the Happy Prince’s sword hilt?

Ans:-A red ruby.


5. Who flew over the city of the Happy Prince?

Ans:-The swallow.


6. What was the seamstress’s little son asking for?

Ans:-Oranges.


7. The young man in the garret was a…………..

Ans:-playwright


8. Where were the matches of the match girl fallen?

Ans:-In the gutter.


9. What were the two most precious things in the city?

Ans: The dead swallow and the broken lead heart of the Happy Prince.


10. The swallow felt happy while picking up a sapphire from the eyes of the Happy Prince.                                                                                      = False



11. The Happy Prince was a selfish and cruel person.                         = False


12. The………….ordered the statue of the Happy Prince to be pulled down.

Ans:-mayor


13. Why did the swallow feel warm?

Ans:-Because he had done a good deed.


14. The statue of the Happy Prince stood on a tall ……………….above the city.

Ans:-column




(15-20 words)


1. Where did the statue of the Happy Prince stand?

Ans:-It stood on a tall column above the city.


2. How was the statue decorated?

Ans:-The statue was decorated with gold, rubies and sapphires.


3. Where was the swallow going?

Ans:-The swallow was going to Egypt to meet his friends.


4. Why did the swallow put up between the feet of the Happy Prince?

Ans:-It was a fine place with plenty of fresh air. So he put up there.


5. Where were the drops coming from?

Ans:-The drops were coming from the eyes of the Happy Prince.


6. Why was the swallow crying?

Ans:-The swallow was crying to see the sorrow and misery of the city people.


7. Why did the swallow feel warm?

Ans:-The swallow had done a good deed. So he felt warm.


8. Why was the match girl crying?

Ans:-The match girl was crying because her matches had fallen into the gutter.


9. Why was the statue of the Happy Prince pulled down?

Ans:-The statue looked dull without gold and rubies. So it was pulled
down.


10. What were the two most precious things in the city?

Ans:-The dead swallow and the broken lead heart of the Happy Prince



                                    TRANSLATION


1. Where shall I put up?
1. mYN ik~Qy TihrWgw?
2. I hope the town has made preparations.
2. mYnMU Aws hY ik ngr ny iqAwrIAW kr leIAW hn[
3. Then he saw the statue on the tall column.
3. iPr ausny au~cy QMmH au~pr KVy bu~q nUM dyiKAw[
4. It is a fine position with plenty of fresh air.
4. ieh bhuq qwzI hvw vwlw cMgw sQwn hY[
5. I have a golden bedroom.

5. myry kol ie~k suinhrw sOx vwlw kmrw hY[
6. “What a curious thing!” he cried.
6. “ikMnI AjIb g~l hY[“ auh ic~lwieAw[
7. Then another drop fell.
7. iPr ie~k hor bUMd if~gI[              
8. You have quite drenched me.
8. qUM mYnUM iblkul ig~lw kr id~qw hY[
9. My courtiers called me the Happy Prince
9. myry drbwrI mYnMU hYpI ipRMs kih ky bulwauNdy sn[
10. He was too polite to make any personal remarks.
10. auh ieMnw inmr sI ik koeI ivAkqIgq itpxI nhI krnw cwhuMdw sI[
11. I am waited for in Egypt.
11. myrw imsr ivc ieMqzwr ho irhw hY[
12. I don’t think I like boys.
12. mYN nhI smJdw ik mYnMU lVky psMd hn[
13. I want to go to Egypt.
13. mYN imsr jwxw cwhuMdw hW[
14. “How cool I feel!” said the boy.
14. “mYN ikMnw TMfw mihsUs kr irhw hW[“ lVky ny ikhw[
15. That is because you have done a good deed.
15. Aijhw ies leI hY ikauNik qUM ie~k cMgw kMm kIqw hY[
16. Thinking always made him sleepy.
16. socx nwl ausnMU Aksr nINd Aw jWdI sI [
17. “Have you any commissions for Egypt?”
17. kI qYnUM imsr ivc koeI kMm hY?
18. Will you stay with me one night longer?
18. kI qUM myry nwl ie~k rwq hor TihryNgw?
19. My eyes are all that I have left.
19. hux myry kol isr& myrIAWn A~KW hI bcIAW hn[
20. Do as I command you.
20. ijvyN mYN kihMdw hW ausy qrHW kr [
21. I am beginning to be appreciated.
21. myrI pRSMsw hox l~gI hY [

22. Now I can finish my play.
22. hux mYN Awpxw nwtk pUrw kr skdw hW[
23. I have come to bid you good bye.
23. mYN qYnMU Alivdw kihx AwieAw hW[
24. I will stay with you one night longer.
24. mYN ie~k hor rwq qyry kol ru~k jwvWgw[
25. You would be quite blind then.
25. iPr qusIN iblkul AMnHy ho jwvogy[
26. What a lovely bit of glass!
26. k~c dw ikMnw suMdr tukVw hY!
27. Then the Swallow came to the Prince.
27. iPr AbwbIl rwjkumwr kol vwps AwieAw[
28. You must go away to Egypt.
28. qYnUM imsr jrUr jwxw cwhIdw hY[
29. No, I will stay with you always.
29. nhIN, mYN hmySW quhwfy nwl rhWgw[
30. There is no mystery as great as misery.
30. koeI vI rh~s pIVw dy rh~s qoN v~fw nhIN huMdw[
31. How hungry we are!
31. AsIN ikMny Bu~Ky hW!
32. You must not lie here.
32. qusIN ie~Qy iblkul nhIN lytxw hY[
33. I am covered with fine gold.
33. mYN vDIAw sony nwlFikAw hoieAw hW[
34. But at last he knew that he was going to die.
34. prMqU AKIr auh jwx igAw ik auh mrn vwlw hY[
35. Will you let me kiss your hand?
35. kI qUM mYnUM Awpxw h~Q cuMmx dyvyNgw?
36. It is not to Egypt that I am going.
36. ieh imsr nhIN ij~Qy mY jw irhw hW [
37. I am going to the house of death.
37. mYN mOq dy Gr jw irhw hW [
38. It certainly was a dreadful hard frost.
38. ieh scmuc hI iBAwnk s^q kohrw sI[
39. How shabby the Happy Prince looks!
39. hYpI ipRMs ikMnw B~dw idKweI idMdw hY[
40. In fact, he is little better than a beggar.
40. Asl ivc auh iBKwrI nwloN vI vDIAw nhI lg irhw hY[
41. So they pulled down the statue of the Happy Prince.
41. ies leI auhnW ny hYpI ipRMs dy bu~q nUM hyTW fyg id~qw[
42. Then they melted the statue in a furnace.
42. iPr auhnW ny bu~q nUM B~TI ivc ipGlwieAw[
43. What a strange thing!
43. ikMnI AjIb g~l hY!
44. Bring me the two most precious things in the city.
44. Sihr dIAW do sB qoN kImqI cIzW mYnUM ilAw ky idau[
45. You have rightly chosen.
45. qusIN shI cox kIqI hY[