Friday, 13 September 2019

The Tables Turned

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Enjoying the poem

 

1.     Give the central idea of the poem.

Ans.  The central idea of this poem is that nature is the better teacher of human beings than books. The poet, therefore, advises us to keep ourselves away from an artificial life and live in the company of nature to enjoy real happiness.

 

2.     Write a brief summary of the poem in your own words.

Ans. .  The central idea of this poem is that nature is the better teacher of human beings than books. The poet, therefore, advises us to keep ourselves away from an artificial life and live in the company of nature to enjoy real happiness.

 

3.     How is nature a better teacher than books?

Ans.  In nature, there are many beautiful and useful things like mountains, forests, lakes, etc. These things give us true wisdom to enjoy happiness and peace in life. We cannot get this true wisdom from books. Thus, nature is a better teacher than books.

 

 

4.     What gives a better aesthetic pleasure–man made world or the world of nature? How?

Ans. The world of nature gives us a better aesthetic pleasure than man-made world. The beauty of nature is pure and fresh. So it gives joy and peace to our mind and heart. Such beauty is lacking in man-made world because it is artificial and we cannot get purity and freshness from artificiality.

 

5.     Why are books a ‘dull and, endless strife’?

Ans.   Books are after all man-made, and we have to make great efforts to get knowledge from them. Even then we cannot get real joy and peace from them. So the poet calls books a ‘dull and endless strife’.

 

6.     What is the ‘toil and trouble’ referred to in line 4?

Ans.   It is the toil and trouble of reading books. Such reading is dull. It is not a ture pleasure-giving exercise. We get better joy and more useful lessons from beautiful objects of nature.So here the poet says that reading books is a useless toil and trouble.

 

7.     ‘Antonyms’ are words opposite in meaning.

Give autonyms of the following words:

 

double Single                                     dull –Interesting

 

bless    curse                                     wisdom –Folly

 

evil  good                                        barren –Fertile

 

8. Have you noticed the rhyme–scheme of the first four stanzas (each a quatrain – a stanza of 4 lines) shown as

ab ab, ed cd, ef ef, gh gh?

Write down the rhyme scheme of the remaining stanzas.

 

9. Read some other nature poems by the same author, e.g. Three Years She Grew, My Heart Leaps, Nutting, Daffodils. How do you like these poems?