Friday, 13 September 2019

PSEB 10TH Class COMPREHENSION

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COMPREHENSION

One evening a boy of eight was out for a walk with his father. There was also an elderly man with his father. Chatting they walked on and went beyond the village. The green crops delighted their eyes. The elders were walking along the edge of a field. Not hearing the footsteps of the boy, the father looked back. The boy was sitting on the ground and seemed to be planting something.


The father became curious. “What are you doing?” said he. “Look father I shall grow guns all over the field,” was the innocent reply of the boy. His eyes shone with the strong faith that guns would grow in the field. Both the elders were struck with wonder at the little boy’s words. The boy was Bhagat Singh who later fought like a hero for India’s freedom and sacrificed his life.


Answer the following questions briefly:


(a) Where were the elders walking?


(b) What was the boy doing?


(c) What faith did the boy have?


(d) Complete the following sentences:


(i) Father looked back because……………..


(ii) Bhagat Singh sacrificed his life for ……………………



(e) Match the words in column A with their synonyms in column B:


A                                                              B

Surprise                                                  Inquiring          

Curious                                                   Wonder



Dr C.V. Raman was a genius who won the Nobel Prize for Physics, using simple equipment barely worth Rs.300. He was the first Asian scientist to win the Nobel Prize. He was a man of boundless curiosity and a lively sense of humour.


His spirit of enquiry and devotion to science laid the foundation for scientific research in India. And he won honour s a scientist, and affection as a teacher and a man. Raman was studious. He kept in touch with the latest developments in science in the world around him. He had personal contacts with many scientists. He used to read new books and research papers from different centres.


“The equipment which brought me the Nobel Prize did not cost more than three hundred rupees. A table drawer can hold all my research equipment,” he used to say with pride. It was his conviction that if the research worker is not inspired from within, no amount of money can bring him or her success in research.



Answer the following questions briefly:


(a) What kind of a man was Dr. C.V.Raman?


(b) What is he famous for?


(c) What was his conviction?



(d) Complete the following sentences:


(i) The equipment that won him the Nobel Prize……….


(ii) A research worker is successful only if he is………...


(e) Match the words in column A with their antonyms in column B



A                                                       B

Affection                                        failure


Success                                          dislike





Early rising leads to health and happiness. The man who rises late can have little rest in the course of the day. Anyone who lies late in bed is compelled to work till late hours in the evening. He has to go without the evening exercise which is so necessary for his health. In spite of all his efforts, his work will not produce as good results as that of an early riser. The reason for this is that he cannot take advantage of the refreshing morning hours. Some people say that the quiet hours of midnight are the best time for working. Several great thinkers say that they can write best only when they burn the midnight oil. Yet it is true to say that few men can have a clear brain at midnight when the body needs rest and sleep. Those who work at that time soon ruin their health. Bad health must, in long run, have a bad effect on the quality of their work.




Answer the following questions briefly:

(a) What leads to health and happiness?


(b) What is a late riser compelled to do?


(c) Why can’t we have a clear brain at midnight?




(d) Complete the following sentences:


(i) The man who rises late cannot take advantage of the……………

(ii) Some thinkers can write best when they…………………….



(e) Match the words in column A with their synonym in column B:

           A                                                                           B

Compelled                                                                                    benefit


Necessary                                                                                     destroy


Advantage                                                                                    forced


Ruin                                                                                                essential




Each one of us should have a hobby. Sometimes boys and girls are encouraged in schools to take up hobbies. They work at certain things in schools such as collecting stamps, or carpentry, but this so-called hobby is a thing for schools only. They do not pay any attention to it at their homes.


Sometimes this is because of poverty, sometimes because of lack of interest. But a hobby is not really a hobby unless we are so interested in it that we want to carry it whenever we have spare time. According to the dictionary, a hobby is a favourite subject or occupation that is not one’s main business. It is something in which we are more interested than in anything else.



Answer the following questions:



(a) What is the dictionary meaning of a hobby?


(b) When does a hobby become a thing for schools only?


(c) Name the hobbies mentioned in the passage.



(d) Complete the following sentences:

(i) We should carry on our hobby whenever we have………………..

(ii) Sometimes students cannot pay attention to their hobbies due

to…………



(e) Match the words in column A with their antonyms in column B:

A                                                      B

Interested                                               discourage


Lack                                                          disinterested


Spare                                                        have


Encourage                                              occupied



Ashoka the most trusted son of Bindusara and grandson of Chandragupta

Maurya, was a brave soldier. He was the most famous of the Mauryan kings and was one of the greatest rulers of India. Ashoka extended the Maurya Empire to the whole of India, reaching out even into Central Asia. Ashoka succeeded in conquring Kalinga after a bloody war in which 100,000 men were killed, 150,000 injured and thousands were captured and retained as slaves. The sight of the slaughter involved in his conquest deeply affected his mind. This was a turning point in his life. He renounced war and sought peace in Buddha’s preachings of love and non-violence. He also gave up hunting and become a strict vegetarian.




Answer the following questions briefly:

(a) What was the name Ashoka’s grandfather?


(b) What happened in the war of Kalinga?


(c) What changes came in Ashoka’s life after the war?


(d) Who was the greatest ruler of India?



(e) Complete the following sentences:

(i) Ashoka was one of the………………..

(ii) For Ashoka war of Kalinga was a………………

(iii) The extent of Ashoka’s empire was spread over to……….




(f) Match the words in column A with their synonyms in column B:

A                                                      B

Famous                                                              give up


Involved                                                            well-known

\

Conquest                                                           takeover


Renounce                                                          drawn-in



“Brothers and sisters, the long night is at last drawing to a close. Miseries and sorrows are disappearing. Ours is a sacred country. She is gradually waking up, thanks to the fresh breeze all around. Are you prepared for all sacrifices for the sake of your motherland? If you are, then you can rid the land of poverty and ignorance. You should develop a strong physique. You should shape your mind through study and meditation. Only then will victory be yours. I loved my country dearly before I went to America and England. After my return, every particle of the dust of this land seems sacred to me. “Do you know who carried this message to the whole continent of Asia? It was Swami Vivekanand.



Answer the following questions briefly:

(a) How can you rid the land of poverty and ignorance?


(b) How can you shape your mind?


(c) Where did Swami Vivekananda carry the message?



(d) Complete the following sentences:


(i) We should make sacrifices for the sake of…………..

(ii) India is gradually………………


(e) Who speaks the above lines?


(f) Name the places visited by Swami Vivekananda.




A Nation’s Strength:

Not gold, but only men can make

A nation great and strong

Men who, for truth and honour’s sake,

Stand fast and suffer long.

Brave men who work while others sleep,

Who dare while others fly.

They build a nation’s pillars deep’

And lift them to the sky.



Answer the following questions briefly:


(a) What makes a nation great and strong?


(b) What do brave men do while others sleep?


(c) How can they lift a nation to the sky?


(d) 1. Give the other word that rhymes with ‘fly’?


2. Explain, ‘They build a nation’s pillars deep’?



(e) Match the words in column A with their meanings in column B:

A                                                      B

Truth                                                         endure


Suffer                                                        challenge


Dare                                                raise


Lift                                                             reality



My Books:

I love my books

They are the homes

Of queens and fairies,

Knights and gnomes.

Each time I read I make a call

On some quaint person big or small,

Who welcomes me with a hearty hand

And leads me through his wonderland.

Each book is like

A city street

Along whose winding

Way I meet

New friends and old who laugh and sing

And take me off adventuring.



Answer the following questions briefly:


(a) Why does the poet love his books?


(b) How does the quaint person welcome the poet?


(c) Where do the new and old friends take the poet?



(d) Choose the right answer:

(I) The poet is led through a………..each time he reads a book.


1. Home

2. Wonderland



(II) In the books the poet meets new and old friends in the………….

1. City streets


2. Wonderland




(e) Match the words in column A with their antonyms in column B:

A                                                              B


Quaint                                                                straight


Winding                                                            foe


Hearty                                                                modern


Friend                                                                feeble




The rainbow

Boats sail on the river,

And ships sail on the seas;

But clouds that sail across the sky

Are prettier than these.

There are bridges on the rivers,

As pretty as you please;

But the bow that bridges heaven,

And overtops the trees,

And builds a road from earth to sky,

Is prettier far than these.




Answer the following questions briefly:


(a) Where do the boats and ships sail?


(b) What is prettier than boats and ships?


(c) Where does the rainbow build a road?



(d) Complete the following sentences:


(i) According to the poet, the …………… is the prettiest.

(ii) The rainbow bridges ………………




(e)

 (i) The word ‘bow’ in the 7th line refers to…………


(ii) ‘These’ in the last line refers to ………………



(f) Match the words in column A with their meaning in column B:


A                                                                          B

Pretty                                                                 makes


Builds                                                               beautiful





















The Noble Nature

It is not growing like a tree

In bulk doth make man better be;

Or standing long an oak, three hundred year,

To fall a log at last, dry, bald, and sere.

A lily of a day

Is fairer far in may,

Although it fall and die that night

It was the plant and flower of light.

In small proportions we just beauties see;

And in short measures life may perfect be.



Answer the following questions briefly:


(a) What does not make a man a better being?


(b) Which thing in nature can live up to three hundred years?


(c) How long does a lily live?


(d) What message is conveyed through this poem?


(e) The life of an oak tree is……………..


(f) It was the plant and flower ………………….

(g) What is common between a man and a tree?


(h) Match the words in column A with their synonyms in column B:

A                                                      B

Bulk                                                           faultless


Bald                                                 largeness


Proportion                                               hairless


Perfect                                                      amount




Stone walls do not a prison make

Nor iron bars a cage:

Mind’s innocent and quiet take

That for a hermitage.

If I have freedom in my love,

And in my soul am free’

Angels alone that soar above

Enjoy such liberty.



Questions:


1. What does not make a prison?


2. According to the poet what does not make a cage?


3. Which quality of mind makes a hermitage?



4. Complete the summary of the poem after filling in the blanks:

A prison is not made of ……………walls, neither is a cage of ……….bars. it is only an ………….and ………mind that makes a …………. . Such liberty is enjoyed only by………….. .



5. Match the words in column A with their meanings in column B:

A                                                                B

Prison                                                       spirit

Soar                                                           freedom

Soul                                                           jail

Liberty                                                     rise



Ere on my bed my limbs I lay,

God grant me grace my prayers to say:

O God! Preserve my mother dear

In strength and health for many a year;

And, O! preserve my father too,

And may I pay him reverence due;

And may I my best thoughts employ

To be my parents’ hope and joy;

And O! preserve my brothers both

From evil doings and from sloth,

And may we always love each other

Our friends, our father, and our mother:

And still, O Lord, to me impart

An innocent and grateful heart,

That after m great sleep I may

Awake to thy eternal day! Amen!

Questions:

1. When does the child pray?

2. What does the child pray to God for his mother?

3. What does he ask for himself?





4. Tick the right answer:

(a) The child pays …………to his father.

1. reverence


2. strength



(b) The child wants to be the hope and joy of …………. .

1. God


2. his parents



5. Give the rhyme scheme of the last four lines.



6. Give the other word that rhymes with ‘employ’.

Oft I had heard of Lucy Gray;

And when I crossed the wild,

I chanced to see at break of day;

The solitary child,

No mate, no comrade Lucy Knew;

She dwelt on a wild moor,

The sweetest thing that ever grew;

Beside a human door!



Questions:



1. Who had the poet heard of?


2. When did he chance to see her?


3. Where did Lucy live?


4. What has she been compared to?


5. Match the words in column A with their meanings in column B:

A                                                       B

Break of day friend

Mate morning

The storm came before its time,

She wandered up and down;

And many a hill did Lucy climb;

But never reached the town,

The wretched parents all that night,

Went shouting far and wide;

But there was neither sound nor sight

To serve them for a guide.



Questions:


1. When did the storm come?


2. Why did Lucy not reach the town?


3. What did the parents do?



4. Complete the following sentences:

(a) She wandered…………and down.


(b) But there was neither ………..nor sound.


5. Match the words in column A with their meanings in column B:

A                                                                B

Wandered                                                        crying

Shouting                                                            moved



Beside the ungather’d rice he lay,

His sickle in his hand;

His breast was bare, his matted hair

Was buried in the sand.

Again in the mist and shadow of sleep

He saw his native land.



Questions:


1. Where was the slave lying?


2. What did he have in his hand?


3. Where was his hair buried?


4. Match the words in column A with their meanings in column B:

A                                                                 B

Bare                                                          mother land

Native                                                       land uncovered



The sure way of making and keeping good friends is to be a good listener. Take care to listen to the person with interest. Also make sure that when you speak yourself, you say as much as is needed to open up some fresh topic for the other person to start conversation. People do not like to be interrepted by others while speaking. Most of the friendships begin by little acts of kindness, sympathy and understanding to lonely folk. Sincerity is the keynote of friendship. Sincerity includes loyalty, sympathy and trust. A common interest will draw you very close to someone.



Questions:


1. How can you make good friends?


2. What is the keynote of friendship?



3. Complete the following sentences:


(a) People do not like to …………………. By friends.


(b) Speak as much as is ……………..to open up some fresh conversation.



4. Match the words in column A with their meanings in column B:

A                                                                B

Start                                                           faith

Trust                                                         begin


Sir Alexander Fleming was very humble and modest man. He found Penicillin nby chance. He was very hard working. He tried all his life to fight for killing germs in human body. Before the invention of Penicillin, carbolic acid and sulfa drugs were used as disinfectants. These killed the germs of many diseases. But these also harmed the cells of human body. Penicillin saved the lives of millions of human beings.



Questions:


1. What was the nature of Sir Alexander Fleming?


2. What did he find?


3. For which work did he devote all his life?


4. Complete the following sentences:


(a) Carbolic acid and sulfa drugs killed the………….diseases.



(b) Penicillin saved the lives ………………….



5. Match the words in column A with their meanings in column B:

A                                                       B

Humble                                          discovery

Invention                              noble



Subhash Chandra was a great Indian. He was bold and courageous. He was a man of firm determination. He believed in action, not in passive resistance. He was extremely sensitive where dignity and self respect of the country was concerned. His life was a glowing tribute to his dedication and self-sacrifice for the country.



Questions:

1. Who was Subhash Chandra?


2. What did he do for his country during his life?


3. Complete the following sentences:



(a) Subhash Chandra believed ……………..


(b) His life was ………………his dedication.


4. Match the words in column A with their meanings in column B

A                                                       B

Bold                                                       related

Concerned showing                         no fear





Guru Gobind Singh, the last of the ten Sikh Gurus, was a great son of India. He led India to sublime heights of glory. He brought about moral resurgence and created order out of disorderly social conditions. He was a multi-faceted personality. He was a poet, a soldier, a statesman, a leader and a true socialistall in one. He put his life into the dying social order by giving it a wholly new outlook.



Questions:


(1) Who was the last Sikh Guru?


(2) What did he do to improve the social order?


(3) How did he put his life into the dying social order?


(4) Complete the following sentences:



(a) Guru Gobind Singh was a ………………..of India.


(b) He was a great soldier……………..and a true socialist.



(5) Match the words in column A with their meanings in column B:

A B

Glory Lawless

Disorderly High fame and honour

The elephant is the only animal with its trunk. It uses its trunk in many ways. It pulls leaves of trees with its trunk and then puts them into its mouth. It can use its trunk to get water. The trunk can hold a lot of water to drink. An elephant needs to drink more than three pints of water everyday. In Africa men have hunted elephants for their tusks. The ivory from tusks is made into many beautiful things. It has been easy for men to train elephants. In Asia, people use elephants to carry heavy things for long distances.





Questions:


(1) In what three ways does an elephant use its trunk?


(2) How much water does an elephant need to drink in a day?


(3) Complete the following sentences:


(a) The ivory from tusks is used to make……………….


(b) Elephants are used to carry ……………for long distances.


(4) Match the words in column A with their meanings in column B:

A                                                      B

Tusks                                                                  Risky

Dangerous                                                        teeth