Friday, 13 September 2019

Fathers and Sons

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LANGUAGE EXERCISES

 

A. Comprehension Questions

(i) Answer the following questions:

 

1. What were the two men talking about?

Ans. The two men were talking about their sons. Each man thought that his son was the dullest boy, a person without brains and having no power of thinking.

 

2. Why couldn’t George be a doctor?

Ans. George, according to his father, was a brainless boy. He could not think, whereas doctors have to think. Hence, George could not be a doctor.

 

3. What did Harry say about Vernon?

Ans. Harry said that his son Vernon was never a thinker and he could never be so. The boy would never be rich.

 

4. What did George want to own? How much money did he get for it?

Ans. George wanted to own big car. He got twenty pounds from his father to buy it.

 

5. Where was George sent by his father?

Ans. George was sent to Hudson Street by his father. He was told to visit a flower shop and buy one car from that shop.

 

6. Where did Harry ask Vernon to go?

Ans. Harry asked Vernon to go to Rope Street.

 

7. What did George think about his father?

Ans. George thought that his father could not think very well. He had asked him buy a car from a flower shop by giving him only twenty pounds.

 

8. What did Vernon say about his father?

Ans. Vernon said that his father was as bad as George’s father. He had told him to go to Rope Street to find him. It could take him a long time to reach Rope Street.

 

9. What did both the fathers conclude at last?

Ans. At last, both the fathers came to the conclusion that their sons could not think. Both had blindly followed their instruction and gone to Hudson Street and Rope Street respectively.

 

10. What did both the sons conclude at last?

Ans. Both the sons thought that their fathers had issued orders without thinking. At last, they came to the conclusion that all elderly men like their fathers could not think.

 

 

 (ii) Tick The Right Answer:

 

1. Peter said George could not

(a) walk

(b) think

(c) study

(d) play

 

2. George could not own a car because

(a) his father did not have enough money.

(b) laws of England didn’t allow small boys to own cars.

(c) he didn’t know how to drive.

(d) there were no cars available.

 

3. Vernon was sent by his father to

(a) call the police.

(b) to call his father.

(c) to the flower shop.

(d) to call his mother.

 

4. George was angry with his father because

(a) he didn’t give him money to pay for the taxi.

(b) he asked him to go to a flower shop.

(c) he couldn’t buy a big car.

(d) he couldn’t think.

 

5. Vernon was angry with his father because

(a) he didn’t give him money.

(b) he sent him with George.

(c) he didn’t use the telephone.

(d) he sent him to his mother.

 

 

B. Vocabulary Exercises

(i) In each of the following sentences there is one word spelt incorrectly. Pick out the word and write the spelling correctly:

 

1. In the first instance, notify the police and then contact your insurance company.

 

2. The child could not resist the temptation.

 

3. Their sons were running outside the windows.

 

4. Father couldn’t do that very quickly.

 

5. Their quarrel ended after I intervened.

 

6. The paintings were sold for absurdly high prices.

 

7. If we work hard, nothing is impossible.

 

8. The workers were on an indefinite strike.

 

9. George was a foreigner in India.

 

10. He made elaborate arrangements for his daughter’s marriage.

 

(iii) a. Fill in the blanks with the words given

 


believing                                              wayside                                        pace                                             nap

goal                                                        steady                                         boasting                                      challenge

accept                                                   beaten                                         route                                            darted


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


The hare was once boasting of his speed before the other animals. “I have never yet been beaten,” “said he, “when I put forth my full speed. I challenge anyone here to run a race with me.” The tortoise said quietly, “I accept your challenge.” “That is a good joke,” said the hare; “I could dance around you all the way.” “Keep your boasting till you’ve beaten me,” answered the tortoise. “Shall we start the race?” So a route was fixed and a start was made. The hare darted almost out of sight at once, but soon stopped and believing that the tortoise could never catch him, lay down by the wayside to have a nap. The tortoise never for a moment stopped, but went on with a slow but steady pace straight to the end of the course. When the hare woke up from his nap, he saw the tortoise just near the winning-post. The hare ran as fast as he could, but it was too late. He saw the tortoise had reached the goal. Then said the tortoise:

“Slow and steady wins the race.”

 

b. Fill in the blanks with the words given:

 


piece                                                     caw                                        exchange                                           trust

bright                                                    beak                                     glossy                                                    greet

snapped                                              walked                                 surpass


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


A fox once saw a crow fly off with a piece of cheese in its beak and settle on a branch of a tree. “That’s for me, as I am a fox,” said Master Reynad, and he walked up to the foot of

the tree. “Good-day, Mistress Crow,” he cried. “How well you are looking to-day: how glossy are your feathers! How bright is your eye! I feel sure your voice must surpass that of other birds, in melody and sweetness just as your figure does; let me hear but one song from you that I may greet you as the Queen of Birds.” The crow lifted up her head and began to caw, but the moment she opened her mouth the piece of cheese fell to the ground, only to be snapped up by Master Fox. “That will do,” said he. “That was all I wanted. In exchange for your cheese I will give you a piece of advice for the future : “Do not trust flatterers.”

 

 

C. Grammar Exercises

(i) Look at the following sentences:

“That was bad, wasn’t it?

 

“He didn’t think very quickly then, did he?”

 

These are question tags. Look at the way they are added to the negative as well as the affirmative statement.

 

 

Now add question tags to the following statements:

 

(a) You aren’t afraid of snakes.

Ans. You aren’t afraid of snakes, are you?

 

(b) This isn’t yours.

Ans. This isn’t yours, is it?

 

(c) Mary doesn’t confide in you.

Ans. Mary doesn’t confide in you, does she?

                                     

(d) This small child can read English.

Ans. This small child can read English, can’t he?

 

(e) She’s got lovely green eyes.

Ans. She’s got lovely green eyes, hasn’t she?

 

(f) Her father is proud of her.

Ans. Her father is proud of her, isn’t he?

                                

(g) We must hurry.

Ans. We must hurry, mustn’t we?

 

(h) Jack hasn’t got a house.

Ans. Jack hasn’t got a house, has he?

 

 

 

(ii) Rewrite the following using indirect speech:

 

(a) “He didn’t think at all. He never thinks. He can’t think,” said Harry about his son.

Ans. Harry said about his son that he had not thought at all. He added that he never thought and he couldn’t think.

(b) “Vernon, my boy,” said Harry Glossop kindly, “do you remember Rope street?

Ans. Harry Glossop asked his boy, Vernon in a kind manner if he remembered Rope Street.

                                                                                        

(c) “I know the place well because I used to live here,” said he.

Ans. He said that he knew the place well because he used to live there.

                                    

(d) “I’ll do it tomorrow,” he promised.

Ans. He promised that he would do it the next day.

                                                        

 (e) Jack said to Peter, “I will not lend you any money.”

Ans. Jack told Peter that he would not lend him and money.

                                                          

(f) “You used to be a good football player,” she reminded him. “Why don’t you take it up again?”

Ans. She reminded him that he used to be a good football player, and asked him why he didn’t take it up again.

 

(g) “If the children do anything clever, you call them your sons,” complained his wife. “But if they do anything stupid, you call them mine.”

 

Ans. His wife complained that if the children did anything clever, he called them his sons; but if they did anything stupid, he called them hers.

 

 

 

 

(iii) Fill in the blanks with the interrogative pronouns:

 

(a) I asked what she was speaking.

 

(b) Oh! what you have done?

 

(c) Whose shirt is this?

 

(d) Which book are you reading?

 

(e) Whom do you wish to see?

 

(f) What did she say at the party?

 

(g) Which of the movies do you like the best?

 

(h) Which is better, money or fame?

 

(i) What is our life worth?

 

 

 

 

 

D. Pronunciation Practice

 

You must have noticed a vertical mark placed in some words in the dictionary. This vertical mark is placed in front of the syllable (part of the word) which is accented. This part of the word should be made more prominent by using an increased muscular effort.

 

Read the following words with proper accent as shown:

be`gin                            engi`neer               pho`tography                ciga`rette

to`day                   millio`naire           bi`ography                              ther`mometer

a`bove                  addres`see           exami`nation                 hy`pocrisy

be`hind                 pa`yee                  chi`nese                          elec`tricity

re'pent                  de'mocracy           fa`miliar                        `beautiful

 

 

 

E. Creative Writing and Extended Reading

1. Read the one-act play ‘The Mother’s Day’ by J.B. Priestly. What is the message conveyed in it? Write down in 10 lines.

 

2. Write a paragraph on:

A Father’s Duties towards His Children

Or

A Son’s Duties towards His Father

 

3. Suppose you had a quarrel with your father. You are now genuinely sorry. Write a letter of apology to him.

 

1.     Imagine that you committed a wrong and the guilt is hanging heavy on your head and heart. Write a confessional statement to your father, accepting everything and promising never to behave like that in future.

 

 

 


Just a little fun:

There was a young lady of Lynn,

Who was so uncommonly thin

That when she essayed

To drink lemonade,

She slipped through the straw and fell in.